first two tests

first two tests - 8/31/06 What is history Herodotus Greek...

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8/31/06 What is history Herodotus Greek writer of “the history of the Persian wars” Father of history Historion Greek word New questions, investigation, inquiry Primary First hand account Coming from point in history you are studying Secondary History book Written later Evidence New evidence is found Things change Questions The questions are constantly changing about history which gives a reason for new textbooks to be made and new things to be published. Types of history
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Political Social Intellectual Cultural Institutional Women/Gender Religious Economic History of Science Legal Military How to read a primary source Level one Who wrote it? When was it written? What type of a document is it? Main storyline? Level two Intended audience Why was it written Assumptions behind source
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Level Three Can I believe this document? What can I learn about the society/person who created this document? How does it relate to its context? How does it relate to other things know about that place/time? Dating Systems Year of king’s rule Olympic years Greeks Significant events Christians Calendars Jewish calendar Anno Mundi, AM 5765 Islamic calendar Anno Hegira, AH 1382 Chirstan calendar Anno Domini, AD 2005 AD = CE BC = BCE What is Western Civilization?
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Starts with writing Begins in Mesopotamia around 3100BC Agriculture 8500 BC Domestication of animals and beginning of farming City of Jericho until 8000BC Catal Huyuk in asia minor 9/05/06 Ancient near Eastern civilizations Mesopotamia Greek meaning – land between the two rivers Between Tigris and Euphrates Fertile crescent Very harsh, little rainfall, flooding Source of water, Needs to be controlled, irrigation Irrigation Lots of man power needed Constant work needed to maintain Needed leaders and strong men to maintain irrigation Ziggurats Built of mud (like all of Mesopotamian buildings) Temple/palace Life Lots of invasion Kingship Show themselves as friends of gods, not a god Helps to keep order, people afraid of gods
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Slave economy Mesopotamian Civilizations Sumerians Cities had own king Only people from Mesopotamia, all others invade Not as much slave economy as other groups Akkadians Semitic language Assyrians Babylonians Mesopotamian writing Develops from need to write Oldest writing is inventories, lists of work done, all has to do with record keeping Writing on mud tablets Cuneiform Means wedge shape Symbols stood for syllables Only a small segment of society could write and read Specialized job
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Epic of Gilgamesh – pg 4 Written by a scribe It is an epic story Intended audience – kings, upper class Storyline Wild king in Uruk 2600bc People appeal to gods Gods send Enkidu to kill Gilgamesh They become best friends Enkidu has a dream that the gods are going to kill him Vision of life after death House of dust – full of dead past kings, now servants for gods Pessimistic view of life Enkidu dies in shame, because he dies not in battle Meso values war Gilgamesh realizes he can die, wants eternal life Ends without Gilgamesh finding eternal life
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course HIST 1001 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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first two tests - 8/31/06 What is history Herodotus Greek...

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