CHAPTER 1

CHAPTER 1 - Sociological imagination ability of people to...

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Sociological imagination – ability of people to see individual behavior in context of society and environment Social order on display = parade - roles of men/women/children - groups represented minorities/religion - social class mixture Chapter 1: Sociological Perspective Sociology – systematic study of human society Answers questions: norms, values, patterns of social behavior, interactions, behavior of group compared to individual behavior, why individuals conform Levels of Sociological Analysis: 1. Macro – level = focus of society on a broad scale, institutions of society (political, economic) 2. Micro – level = focus on individual interaction Characteristics of Sociology: 1. Sociology regarded to be a science. a. Understand reality b. Scientific method c. Organized skepticism – nothing is based on fate or belief, must be demonstrated through systematic observation i. Develop theory d. Obligation to share knowledge i. Presentations ii. Journals iii. Done to show that findings are trustworthy iv. Replication 2. Sociology is also a social science. a. Make scientific assumptions about all individuals based on the observations of a few b. Human behavior will no be as consistent as natural sciences (how a majority of ppl react) 3. Sociology is concerned with study of human social behavior. a. Large scale **Any of characteristics is a correct way to study sociology (also blending). The Global Perspective: 1. Societies around the world are becoming more interconnected. a. Economics, communication, technology 2. Social problems are universal. a. Poverty, crime 3. Gives insight into our own culture Benefits of the Sociological Perspectives: 1. Helps assess the truth of commonly held assumptions. a. Take things for granted that are actually not true b. Why people believe the things we do 2. Will prompt individuals to assess both the opportunities and constraints that characterize our lives 3. Empowers us to participate in society. 4. Help us recognize diversity and variety a. Confront challenges of living in a diverse world b. Critical thinking Understanding Society Today: 1. Theological Stage – what occurs in society is direct result of God’s will, religion guided society, lack of control 2. Metaphysical Stage – bridging stage, transitionary, society guided by natural events
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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CHAPTER 1 - Sociological imagination ability of people to...

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