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Chapter 1 notes

Chapter 1 notes - What is History Herodotus Greek writer...

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8/29/06 What is History? Herodotus - Greek writer of “The History of the Persian Wars” - Used the word Historion- which translated now is history - Questioning, inquiry, and investigation - He gathered evidence and material to form “The History of the Persian Wars” 2 Types of Evidence - Primary - Eye witness account - Secondary - A book, a teacher, classmates Questions - Analyze text by asking specific questions. Types of History - Political - Social - Intellectual - Cultural - Institutional - Women/Gender - Religious - Economic - History of Science - Legal - Military 8/31/06 How to read a Primary Source Level One (basic questions) - Who wrote it? - When was it written? - What type of document is it? (different interpretations of different types) - Main storyline Level Two - Intended audience - Why was it written? - Assumptions behind the source Level Three - Can I believe this document? (Does it make sense?) - What can I learn about the society/ person who created this document? - How does it relate to its context (Where is it coming from?)
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Dating Systems (Used important events to keep track of the years) - Year of the Kings - Olympic games - Significant events Jewish calendar (Before Christian calendar) - Anno Mundi, AM 5766 (Starts from the beginning of time) Islamic calendar - Anno Hegira, AH 1382- moved form Mecca to Medina Christian calendar - Anno Domini, AD 2006 -AD=CE -BC=BCE Fifth century= 400s What is Western Civilization? -Our evidence starts with the first written documents. - Writing began in Mesopotamia in 3,000 BC - There was also early writing in China (Didn’t influence). 9-5-06 Ancient Near Eastern Civilizations I. Mesopotamians II. Egyptians III. Hebrews Mesopotamia- Means land between the two rivers (Euphrates and Tigris). - Mostly covered now by Iraq. - Known as the Fertile Crescent. - Harsh region- little rainfall, dry, experiences extremes in climate, river flows through desert, disastrous flooding occurs. - Used irrigation- built ditches and canals to move water to farm land (A lot of silt is carried in water).
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