Final notes

Final notes - 7/10/26 Rome Imp. Dates: 753 B.C. Founding of...

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7/10/26 Rome Imp. Dates: 753 B.C. Founding of Rome 705 B.C. Founding of Confederation of Rome 264 B.C. Punic Wars begin 218 B.C. Second Punic War (Hannibal marched an army, which famously included war elephants, from Iberia over the Pyrenees and the Alps into northern Italy) 146 B.C. Punic Wars end (Rome defeats carthage) -Rome would come across ideas from other countries they conquered and assimilate their ideas into their own. They would not try and kill those who they conquered but try and bring them into their empire. 44 B.C. Julius Caesar assassinated , civil war, empire established. “Pax Romana”- the Roman peace or Peace In Our Time, is the long period of relative peace experienced by states within the Roman Empire. Augustus is now emperor. 117-138 A.D. Reign of Hadrian, Period that shows some of the greatest architecture. 180 A.D. Invasions on the Danube 330 A.D. Constantine moves capital to Constantinople 365 A.D. Empire divided, one in Milan and the other in Constantinople 407 A.D. Rhine frontier is broken. 476 A.D. Last emperor of Rome
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-Romans are very religious people, patriotic, thrifty. Farmer soldiers. Rich social life as evidence by their Arch. -Roman temples are simple buildings, hybrids of Etruscan and Greek characteristics, not the most important. -Built bath complexes, Basilicas for lawsuits -Romans had a rich public life, and they built these kinds of buildings b/c of who they were.
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Pozzolana -is a fine, sandy volcanic ash, originally discovered and dug in Italy at Pozzuoli in the region around Vesuvius, but later at a number of other sites. Vitruvius speaks of four types of pozzolana. It is found in all the volcanic areas of Italy in various colours: black, white, grey and red. Also see pozzolanic ash for more information. Finely ground and mixed with lime it acts like Portland cement and makes a strong mortar that will also set under water. It transformed the possibilities for making concrete structures, although it took the Romans some time to discover its full potential. Typically it was mixed two-to-one with lime just prior to mixing with water. The Roman port at Cosa was built of Pozzolana that was poured underwater, apparently using a long tube to carefully lay it up without allowing sea water to mix with it. The three piers are still visible today, with the underwater portions in generally excellent condition after 2100 years. *Discovery of concrete allowed them to build massive structures that would otherwise be torn apart by tensil stresses, etc. Able to get massive structures. Roman City Planning : Aosta
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Cosa Como
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Lucca The Invention of the Interior -To use the concept of the interior space as the main driving force of the building, that whats inside is the most important. And this is a revolutionary idea.
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Etruscan Gateway to Perugia in Umbria, North of Rome -Enormous architecture, not much is left from Etruscans save for some funerary urns -Axial (building is to be approached in one particular direction. The building is
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course HIST 1001 taught by Professor Sheehan during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Final notes - 7/10/26 Rome Imp. Dates: 753 B.C. Founding of...

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