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Western Civ. 1001 unit 1 notes

Western Civ. 1001 unit 1 notes - Western Civ Notes Unit 1...

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Western Civ. Notes Unit 1 Week of 1-14-08 Terms I. What is History? II. How to read a source III. Understanding Dating systems IV. Birth of Ancient Civilizations: Mesopotamia Herodotus "historion" primary source secondary source evidence How to Read a Primary Source Level One Who wrote it? When was it written? What type of document is it? Main storyline Level Two Intended audience Why was it written Assumptions behind source Level Three Can I believe this document? What can I learn about the society/person who created this document? How does it relate to its context? Mesopotamia Euphrates Tigris irrigation Sumerians Akkadians Assyrians Babylonians Ziggurat of Ur ziggurat Gilgamesh cuneiform
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Semitic Indo-European Law Code of Hammurabi Ishtar Gate Lion Gates of Hattushas Western Civ. Notes—01-16-07 What is history? o Herodotus Greek writer of the “History of the Persian Wars” Lived at the end of the wars between Persia and Greece At end of war sat down to write a recount of the war o Used the Greek word— “Historion” Word meant – questioning, inquiry and investigation o Primary sources and secondary sources Primary sources—diary, documents, battle field artifacts Source from time period being studied Secondary Source Interpretation of events from the past E.g. Textbook, lecture, sourcebook o Look at evidence o Ask questions o Interpretation After analyzing the evidence and asking the questions, historians develop an interpretation How to read a primary source o Level one Who wrote it?
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When was it written? What type of document is it? o Level two Intended audience Why was it written Assumptions behind source o Level three Can I believe this document? What can I learn about the society/person who created this document? How does it relate to its context? o Dating systems Year of kings rule Olympic years Significant events Jewish calendar Anno Mundi, AM 5768 Islamic calendar Anno Hegira, AH 1429 Christian Calendar Anno Domini, AD 2008 Fifth century=400’s Western Civ. 1001 Notes—01-18-08 o What is the “West”??
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