Notes - ARCH 3007 Architectural Systems Book Materials and...

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ARCH 3007: Architectural Systems Book: Materials and Assembly, the Language of Construction 4 th edition Constructing Architecture: Materials Processes Structures Midterm- Oct 13 Final- Friday September 1 History of Codes - Set up for safety and to make buildings work for all people. They don’t tell people what buildings should look like, only how to make it accessible etc. There really isn’t a limit, just a set of restraints. 2000 bc- Babylonian law of hammurabi required the death penalty for any builder who constructed a house that later collapsed and killed the owner Greek and Romans - twelve tales of roman law included setbacks o The Dark Ages happen after this and there is an absence of building houses etc. Cathedrals are being built and the church is in charge. They are built under a strict code. 1189 - London first building code pub by Henry Fitz-Elwyne Fire in London 1666, fire in Chicago 1871 1905- national board of fire underwriters wrote a model building code to decrease fire risk o 1915- BOCA o 1927- UBC o 1945- SBC Legal basis of codes - one of the police powers given to the states under the tenth amendment to the US constitution. Usually adopted by local municipality or county, but power is in the state. Codes enforced by law- required permits. Starting Bound by physical limitations How much land is available? How heavy a building can the soil support? How long of a structural span is possible What materiality suits the environment, what structures, etc. Model Building Codes Refer to the structure itself, how it is constructed, and what provisions are required to protect people and property from fire and other hazards. Intent is to protect public health and safety by setting a minimum Performance Based- IBS (International Building Code)- Adjuncts to the codes o ANSI- American National Standards Institute o ASTM- American Society for Testing and Materials o NFPA- National Fire Protection Agency- the labels are found on trucks, buildings, etc.
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There is a code for designing, while building it and present. OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)- contractors get fined and are more affected by OSHA violations. Occupancy Types- The organization of the Uniform Building Code- requirements based on occupancy (Use Groups) - each classification is divided into divisions- define relative hazard of the occupancy. o A- assembly o B- business o E- education o F- factory and industrial o H- hazardous o I- institutional o M- mercantile o R- residential o S-storage o U-utility Allowable Floor Area Construction type Occupation separation Egress Fire Zones- set up municipality, based on access, hazard of occupancy, other buildings (height, and density, etc) Dense, central business district of city is typically fire zone 1 Egress system- three parts, exit access, exit, and exit discharge. Must lead to public way. Exit Passageway-
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Notes - ARCH 3007 Architectural Systems Book Materials and...

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