History 1001 test 2

History 1001 test 2 - History 1001 Tuesday 4:03 PM What is...

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History 1001 Tuesday, September 11, 2007 4:03 PM What is History? Herodotus o Greek writer of "The history of Persian Wars" o The father of history- lived generation after horrible was between Persians and  the Greeks o Historian -word we translate history from -inquiry, investigation, questioning "birth of the pursuit of history  o Historians investigate and rediscover the past   Primary Sources and Secondary Sources Primary o A first hand account Secondary o Someone they told telling the story Evidence is different o Different specialties but the story/ history is the same o Evidence- questions   Types of history Political Social Intellectual  Cultural Institutional Women/gender Religious Economic History of science Legal Military   How to Read a Primary Source Level One o Who wrote it? o When was it written?
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o What type of document is it? o Main storyline Level Two o Intended audience o Why was it written o Assumptions behind the source Level Three o Can I believe this document? o What can I learn about the society/ person who created this document o How does it relate to its context?   Dating Systems Year of Kings rule Olympic years Significant events Jewish calendar o Anno Mundi, AM 5767- Latin "year of the world" Islamic calendar  o Anno Hegira AH 1384 Muhammad's journey from Mecca Christian calander o Anno Domini, AD 2007- started about 600 AD o AD= CD o BC= BCE o Fifth century= 400s either AD or BC   Civilization- common communication, political structure, common culture, ethnicity, religion 8,500 BC- civilizations start domesticating  8,000 BC- first city- the city of Jericho- cities need laws some sort of ruler 6,000 BC- Catal Huyuk  *First place in the West that we got writing is Mesopotamia (know known as Iraq)   Ancient Near Eastern Civilizations  Mesopotamia o Greek word- means "Meso"- in the middle- "tamia"- river "Land in the middle of  rivers" o Rivers- Euphrates and Tigris- dry desert does not get a lot of rainfall- was hard to  farm- gets water from the rivers o Life was hard living next to two rivers- floods were unpredictable  o Used irrigation- built canals
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o Needed a leader that could rally people up to dig ditches forced people to do it,  organized an army. o Sumerians developed in the south, each with there own strong ruler. Used clay  as building block o Only structures that survived were palaces- all of the cities had palaces and  temples ; called on the gods for protection.
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