Test 1 Review - Part 2

Test 1 Review - Part 2 - Alower7@lsu.edu 1. The rational...

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Alower7@lsu.edu 1. The rational society (Weber) a. Traditional societies i. backwards society, look back to tradition to guide individuals- look at sentiments and beliefs that are passed from generation. ii. Slower to change because they’re guided by the past b. Rational societies i. Be willing to change and use different ways ii. Modern/industrial, information based iii. Still has elements of tradition c. The Rationalization of Society i. Move from traditional thought to rational though ii. Can occur at any time- scientific thinking predominates the society, become more dependant on technology in the rational society iii. Don’t move backwards from rational to traditional 2. Characteristics of a Rational Society a. Distinctive social institutions- i. religious, political, etc. more social diversity b. Large-scale organization i. Large population c. Specialized tasks i. Particular occupation, one specific job- traditional is more diverse d. Personal discipline i. Rational society keeps individuals on task ii. Self motivation e. Awareness of time i. Acute awareness- need to know down to every second, not just time of year
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f. Technical competence i. Based on the skills we possess ii. Not who you are but what you know g. Impersonality i. Interactions are based on specialization. Ex. Instructor to student ii. In traditional tends to be personal 3. Structure and Function (Durkheim) a. Society exists before we exist and we evolve it, society is ongoing. b. 3 main elements i. Structure- we influence the social institutions as we move through it and society affects us. ii. Function- social facts- any specific function a society has. Affects how individuals function within a society. A mechanism of control. Helps guide our behavior . in order for society to function it has to control us by some degree. Keeps cohesion of a group (there for a specific reason) iii. Personality- how we interrelate affects who we are as individuals, which in turn affects society 4. Modernity and Anomie a. The Division of Labor i. The tradition that holds people together- specialization of tasks-key to social change b. Mechanical Society i. Preindustrial, characterized by the fact that we are held together by technology. Rooted in similarities. c. Organic societies i. Industrial, based on differences. More fluid and likely to change more rapidly. More diversified. d. Social change i. Direct result of division of labor. The more it is divided the more likely we’ll have social change. The more things we specialize in the worse that can be for an individual- rely more on other people
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5. Society and Conflict (Marx) a. Struggle btw individuals for scarce resources b. Society and Production i. Society is based on how we produce goods and services. How much inequality there is btw owner and producer. 2 groups will be in constant conflict c. Role of social institutions i. Maintain the status quo and protect the institution of capitalism ii. Economy is most important role- everything is effected and controlled
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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Test 1 Review - Part 2 - Alower7@lsu.edu 1. The rational...

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