Test 1 Study Guide

Test 1 Study Guide - Test 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 Video:...

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Test 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 Video : Mardi Gras Parade You have to be aware of your own biases You have to consider the role of men, women, children, organizations, religious groups, minority, the crowd, and the parade Sociological Imagination: the ability to step outside of ourselves Sociology: the study of human society and how human groups interact with one another considered a soft science (we can never get the exact answer) we look for the general and the patterns of social behavior how does group behavior differ from individual behavior, is it different? the scientific study of social structure Group Conformity: we make decisions based on how others react Levels of Sociological Analysis : 1. macro- institution, political structure, concentration of poverty and crime, broad scale usually concentrations or proportions of a community neighborhoods, cities, states, country 2. micro- individuals and their social interactions, individual relationships usually social institutions Characteristics of Sociology : - regarded as a science we can measure it scientifically observation (not like a natural science, ex. physics and gravity) must use organized skepticism obligated to share knowledge - regarded as a social science because we use natural science and apply it to human behavior we make predictions and generalizations - concerned with human behavior and social human behavior The Global Perspective : a wider generalization 1. societies have become more interconnected 2. social problems are universal (ex. poverty, discrimination)
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3. gives us insight into our own culture Benefits of Sociological Perspective : helps us assess the truth of commonly held assumptions prompts individuals to assess both the opportunities and constraints that characterize our lives empowers us to participate in our society helps us to recognize diversity and variety applied sociology – sociological theory and research can be applied to important public issues humanist sociology – places human needs and goals the center liberation sociology – objective is to replace human oppression with greater democracy and social justice can sharpen skills useful in many occupations Understanding Society Today : 1. theological stage: societies guided by religion say that things happen because God did it 2. metaphysical stage: bridge between 1 & 3 that says things happen because of natural instead of supernatural but we can’t explain why 3. scientific stage: using natural science and applying it to the society Origins of Society : Adam Smith- economists -attributes many things back to society -laid the foundation for symbolic interactions AUGUSTE COMTE – father of sociology ******** -advocated positivism: the use of scientific observation and experimentation in the study of social behavior -social statics: the study of stability and co-operation -social dynamics: the study of conflict and change
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Test 1 Study Guide - Test 1 Study Guide Chapter 1 Video:...

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