Masonry Development

Masonry Development - 1.Masonry Technique or Material...

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1.Masonry – Technique or Material Masonry - 1 a : something constructed of materials used by mason b : the art, trade, or occupation of a mason c : work done by a mason Mason - 1 : a skilled worker who builds by laying units of substantial material (as stone or brick). Learned the simple art of turning limestone into lime, and lime mortar gradually replaced mud in the jts. Of masonry Masonry – Brickwork, concrete blockwork, and stonework 2.Masonry – Technique or Material Masonry –Material of the earth. Begins spontaneously in the creation of low walls from stone or pieces of caked mud taken from dried puddles. The only building material more universal than timber. Half of the worlds population still live in earth buildings. Excavated, rammed, dried, baked Hadrian’s Wall, 120 AD, Hadrian, Great Britain 3. First crude bricks made almost naturally, hand shaped cracked earth left by the mud of the Nile, Tigris, or Euphrates river. Sun and Air dried bricks, adobe. Earliest dwellings date from around 8300 BC and were made with loaf shaped mud bricks whose upper surfaces were keyed to receive mortar. Mud House Construction, Nigeria 4. Masonry – Technique or Material Mortar - originally the mud smeared into the joints of the rising wall to impart stability and weathertightness. Back on the "mainland" you find the ancient Gallarus Oratory (about 800 AD, It was built without any mortar and it is still dry inside.) 5. Masonry – Technique or Material Masonry – Most ancient building technique and labor intensive. First fired bricks, produced in Mesopotamia around 3000 BC. Develop from ceramic pottery. Qsar al Kharana, 711 AD, Amman, Jordan, Limestone walls 1meter thick Third Millennium, Egyptians erect stone temples and pyramids. Granite ridge in the Nile valley provides large variety of stone. Valley also consists of limestone to north and sandstone to the south, alabaster to the east. 6. Building with dressed stone shows up in 2700 BC with the construction of the mortuary complex of King Djoser at Saqqara. Dressing originates with the sun dried brick buildings. Built by the first architect “Imhotep.” Rubble stone on the interior, finely sawn (copper and quartz) zero joint (anathyrosis) technique used for dressed limestone cover. Joints are less than .5mm thick. 7. Pyramids of Giza, Cairo, Egypt, Pharoah Khufu, 2560 BC 481 ft. tall and was tallest structure until 19th century, consists of 2 million blocks of
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stone each weighing 2 tons. Three pyramids, The Great Pyramid, The Red Pyramid, and the Pyramid of Menkaure. 8. The sides are oriented to the four cardinal points of the compass and the length of each
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course ARCH 3007 taught by Professor Ursula during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Masonry Development - 1.Masonry Technique or Material...

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