Chapter 10

Chapter 10 - Chapter 10: Gender Inequality Women outnumber...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
- Women outnumber men in US yet they are a minority group - Offten excluded from full participation in activities - Treating someone differently based solely on gender, without regard for individuals traits - First wave of feminism dates back to Civil War period, also worked for abolition of slavery - Won right to vote in 1920 - Second wave = late 1960-70s wanted women to join public culture, started clinics, etc for women - Gender inequality still persists in America in salary gaps, the glass ceiling (invisible barrier where women can move up anymore) and glass escalator (counterpart to glass ceiling, typically benefits men, men often given preferential treatment in moving up) Sex – refers to biological and anatomical distinctions b/t men and women Gender – cultural importance attached to being either male or female Sex and the Body 1. Primary Sex Characteristics a. Born with b. Biological – reproductive organs, etc 2. Secondary Sex Characteristics a. Everything that comes later in life b. What develops as individuals body matures 3. Types of Sex a. Historically there are two sexes – males and females b. Most western cultures don’t recognize the following i. Hermaphrodites – born w/ primary sex characteristics of both males and females 1. Gender is ambiguous 2. Often force these people into one of the categories of male or female ii. Transsexuals – psychologically associates themselves w/ gender other than what they are born with 1. Most societies don’t recognize this Sexual Orientation 1. Types of Sexual Orientation a. Heterosexual – attraction opposite sex b. Homosexual – attraction to same sex c. Bisexual – attraction to same sex and opposite sex d. Asexual – lacks a strong attraction to either sex 2. Why do societies encourage heterosexuality? a. Its how society biologically and socially survives b. Maintain culture c. Matter of reproduction 3. Homosexuality: Nature vs. Nurture a. Some societies encourage homosexuality – b/c of too large population, etc. b. Not all societies have completely negative view c. No conclusive evidence for either nature vs nurture i. Some argue = result of social experiences ii. Others = born into, feel and can’t help it Gender and Culture 1. Gender is a social distinction 2. Sex is a biological distinction 3. Importance of Gender a. Significance attached to being either male or female b. Social and cultural construction c. Based on norms, values, beliefs, etc. d.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

Page1 / 5

Chapter 10 - Chapter 10: Gender Inequality Women outnumber...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online