Chapter 8 Continued

Chapter 8 Continued - Chapter 8 Continued: Social mobility...

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Chapter 8 Continued: Social mobility – stressful, frustrating, and emotional - for both those that move up and down - term ghetto carried w/ it a stigma Life chances - types of jobs and occupations available to certain individuals o being self employed totally rests on your shoulders - higher income o increases life chances o however, possible fixing of income in future - education o private schools get a higher quality education Weber and Social Stratification 1. Focuses on 3 dimensions of social class: prestige, economics, political 2. Wealth – determining factor of social position a. How we rank in most modern societies b. How much economic equality exists in society c. How large is wealth gap 3. Social prestige – a status (usually master status) a. What factor is important will vary from culture to culture i. Race, gender, religion, occupation (in US) 1. Occupation prestige score (page 214) a. Jobs at top require college education – often graduate degrees also b. All white collar jobs – high skill c. Typically pay more at top d. Require more autonomy (independence) i. Not same level as supervision as blue collar jobs ii. More freedom in how you accomplish job e. Tend to require more abstract thought i. Critical thinking 4. Social power – power that an individual has a. Political, economic, etc power b. Individuals typically want to display a social status (give outward appearance) 5. These 3 components together create the socio-economic status (SES). a. Wealth, social prestige, and social power Wealth and Income 1. Distribution of Wealth in United States a. Overall, wealth concentrated in few individuals b. About 70% of all wealth in US is concentrated into hands of about 10% of families c. Wealthiest 1% in US have more wealth than the bottom 90% combined. d. Wide gap b/t very bottom and very top 2. Distribution of Income a. Look at employee structure of company b. Extremely large gap b/t highest paid person in company and lowest paid worker (usually average is 475x more) c. Some earn more than others do d. Over past 40 years, seen a rise in income gap (difference b/t highest and lowest paid) e. In US, top 20% earn about half of all income Status Inconsistency 1. If you rank high in income or wealth, usually tend to have high social prestige and social power 2. However, status inconsistency occurs when one ranks higher in one of three than other, not all same 3. Isn’t typically an issue 4. Problematic – b/c all of a sudden, people don’t have ability to accomplish all required tasks a. Individuals tend to play up on highest component
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b. Make fact known, but downplay other components 5. How will other act? a. Others will play up on lower factors though Social Class in United States (page 219) 1. Not traditional pyramid structure, more of a raindrop structure (or diamond shape) 2. Working class is larger social group 3. Upper class (1%) = Capitalist class = very top a. Can be further sub divided i. Upper-upper class = old money ii. Lower-upper class = new wealth, first generation upper class, worked for income
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Chapter 8 Continued - Chapter 8 Continued: Social mobility...

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