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CHAPTER 7: DEVIANCE AND SOCIAL CONTROL Deviance – considered abnormal, violation of a cultural norm 1. All deviant behavior is NOT illegal (there is some overlap though) 2. Deviant behavior is not defined by violation of the law 3. Deviant behavior is the result of nonconformity a. Voluntary or involuntary b. Socially defined – what is in one area may not be deviant in another area Social Control – keep individuals from engaging in deviant behavior 1. Formal – focused on crime a. Involves criminal justice system 2. Informal – comes from groups outside of justice system **3 Strikes laws = long mandatory sentences Plea bargaining – accused pleads guilty for reduction of the charges and a lesser sentence - reduces costs in justice system Deviance and Biology – primary mode of thoughts in 1700s and 1800s 1. The Biological Context a. Criminal and deviant behavior caused by biology not social influences b. There is NO established link b/t deviance and biology. 2. Research on Crime and Biology a. Lembrazzo i. Criminals have distinctive physical features ii. Looked for common features 1. low foreheads 2. prominent jaw lines 3. excessive body hair iii. Research flawed b/c we see those traits in whole population b. Sheldon i. Looked at body types ii. Body types compared to criminal behavior iii. Same flaw as Lembrazzo iv. See traits in whole population v. Can’t find specific thing to link into with biology or sociology vi. No one thing can cause a person to be more deviant or not Personality Factors and Deviance 1. Socialization and Deviance a. Nurture side of debate b. Deviance varies by cultural norms c. Our abnormal is someone else’s normal d. Action is only deviant when we are socialized to think of it that way e. Laws also vary from culture to culture 2. Reckless and Dinitz a. Deviant behavior = result of unsuccessful socialization or socialization in an unacceptable manner c. Looked at deviant behavior in children i. Two categories: only males 1. Good boys – successful socialization, know right from wrong, ability to cope with frustration and stress, identify norms and values 2. Bad boys – didn’t know right from wrong, could not cope Sociological Foundations of Deviance 1. Deviance varies by culture 2. People are labeled as deviant
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a. Don’t become deviant until group says that you are b. Not when action occurs c. Works with small acts of deviance not large acts 3. Making/breaking rules involves social power a. Those in power define rules Symbolic Interactionist Perspective 1. Lubeling Theory a. Deviance is in reaction not action b. How others respond to a person’s actions c. Related to social construct
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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