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CHAPTER 5: SOCIAL INTERACTION Group interactions form social structure Group leaders emerge quickly - primary = task leader - secondary = emotional leader Rationality principle and Pleasure principle Society: 1. Common culture 2. Group interaction at individual and social levels 3. Defined territory (usually geographic) 4. Modern society = political boundaries Social Interaction: - Process of how we relate to one another - Act and react to others - How we create society - Society predicated on social interactions Status – defined social position that an individual occupies - Can occupy more than one social status - Common status likely to share common experiences - Affects personality development and how we relate to one another - Defined in relationship to other social positions Status set – collection of all statuses held by a person at a given time - # depends on how involved we are and how much social interaction we have - not fixed - Person can pick up and lose statuses over life course Ascribed status – social position given at birth, little or no control over obtaining - born into, involuntary - can be positive or negative Achieved status – get voluntarily, reflect some sort of personal ability or effort - can be positive or negative Mixture of Statuses 1. Achieved and ascribed statuses are ideal situation 2. Most are mixture of the two 3. Things we do later in life are based on what we are born with 4. Achieved can turn into ascribed with a generation Master Status – greatest impact or what matters most to others - Exceptional importance - How other see you before anything else - Often based on occupation - Example: good = occupation, bad = physical handicap - Always based on how other perceive you - Can be either ascribed or achieved status Roles – behavior that is expected of a specific status - “hold a status but play a role” - Each role = related to other social roles Parent Student - All interrelated - How we perform the role is culturally dictated - How a person engages in statuses will vary in each culture and from time to time Role sets – multiple roles attached to a single status, varies over time Take care of Study for
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Role conflict – occurs when multiple statuses conflict with corresponding roles multiple statues kids test Role Strain – incompatibility of roles in a single status - single status Make good
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