MUS 4

MUS 4 - MUS 4 Introduction to Western Music 9/27 •...

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Unformatted text preview: MUS 4: Introduction to Western Music 9/27 • Pitch (note) ○ A single sound ○ Can be high or low ○ i.e. single fret on guitar, one key on piano • Melody ○ A succession of single pitches ○ Most recognizable piece of composition • Chord ○ A group of pitches played simultaneously ○ Can also sing a chord, each person singing a different note • Harmony ○ The pitches which accompany the melody ○ Accompany to a melody, often consisting of chords ○ Most music have both harmonies and melodies • Register ○ Height or lowness of sound in a given instrument ○ i.e. of band, trombone on a high register • Dynamics ○ Relative loudness or softness of sound • Rhythm ○ Beat Underlying pulse of music Sometimes recognizable, sometimes not so much i.e. intro to “Sweet Home Alabama” ○ Meter Often recurring patterns of beats i.e. Mission Impossible 5 beats, Waltz 3 beats - repeat ○ Tempo Speed of the beats • Phrase ○ A section of melody comparable to a sentence in prose ○ i.e. when you read a sentence, you pause in between breaths • Motive (motif) ○ A Short recurring melodic or rhythmic figure ○ Beethoven’s 5 th (doot doot doot do!) • Consonance ○ Sound at rest, repose, stability • Dissonance ○ Does not sound restful ○ Sounds like it needs to go somewhere, get out of her ○ Grating sound • Timbre ○ Tone color of sound ○ Each instrument has its own set of timbres • Scale / Mode ○ Collection of pitches provide melody or harmony of composition ○ Major scale: do re mi ○ Usually arranged in ascending order • Notation ○ Written language of music ○ Means of communicating what o play through writing ○ i.e. guitarist’s tablature and chord chart • Staff ○ System of five lines upon of which the above is written • Composition / Piece ○ “Song” ○ Piece of music ○ More universal • Form ○ Large overall structure of a piece ○ i.e. Jazz: A A B A, Pop: Verse Chorus Verse Chorus Bridge Chorus ○ Sonata form, Trio • Octave ○ Interval in music ○ Span of notes • Tonic ○ The pitch or note that could be referred to as the anchor or home base 10/02 Ancient & Medieval Music • Ancient Greece / Rome ○ Most subjects begin with Greece ○ Very little music saved from era ○ 45 complete / short samples saved • Greek – Epitaph of Seikilos [1 st cent, B.C.] ○ After age of Ancient Greece has passed ○ Woman speaks at beginning and end ○ Not part of song, just introduction, not sure ○ After she gets speaking and instrument plays, true beginning of song ○ Music was mostly monophonic Contains only melody Just the instrument plays the little tune by itself, then singer joins in, then repeat ○ Ancient Greece music largely vocal Accompanies plays ○ String instruments Plucked instruments playing the same part Lyre, psaltery ○ Epitaph Written for death Actually found on a tombstone Clear rhythmic notation ○...
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course MUS 4 taught by Professor Mcallister during the Fall '08 term at UCSD.

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MUS 4 - MUS 4 Introduction to Western Music 9/27 •...

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