MUS 4

MUS 4 - MUS 4: Introduction to Western Music 9/27 Pitch...

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Unformatted text preview: MUS 4: Introduction to Western Music 9/27 Pitch (note) A single sound Can be high or low i.e. single fret on guitar, one key on piano Melody A succession of single pitches Most recognizable piece of composition Chord A group of pitches played simultaneously Can also sing a chord, each person singing a different note Harmony The pitches which accompany the melody Accompany to a melody, often consisting of chords Most music have both harmonies and melodies Register Height or lowness of sound in a given instrument i.e. of band, trombone on a high register Dynamics Relative loudness or softness of sound Rhythm Beat Underlying pulse of music Sometimes recognizable, sometimes not so much i.e. intro to Sweet Home Alabama Meter Often recurring patterns of beats i.e. Mission Impossible 5 beats, Waltz 3 beats - repeat Tempo Speed of the beats Phrase A section of melody comparable to a sentence in prose i.e. when you read a sentence, you pause in between breaths Motive (motif) A Short recurring melodic or rhythmic figure Beethovens 5 th (doot doot doot do!) Consonance Sound at rest, repose, stability Dissonance Does not sound restful Sounds like it needs to go somewhere, get out of her Grating sound Timbre Tone color of sound Each instrument has its own set of timbres Scale / Mode Collection of pitches provide melody or harmony of composition Major scale: do re mi Usually arranged in ascending order Notation Written language of music Means of communicating what o play through writing i.e. guitarists tablature and chord chart Staff System of five lines upon of which the above is written Composition / Piece Song Piece of music More universal Form Large overall structure of a piece i.e. Jazz: A A B A, Pop: Verse Chorus Verse Chorus Bridge Chorus Sonata form, Trio Octave Interval in music Span of notes Tonic The pitch or note that could be referred to as the anchor or home base 10/02 Ancient & Medieval Music Ancient Greece / Rome Most subjects begin with Greece Very little music saved from era 45 complete / short samples saved Greek Epitaph of Seikilos [1 st cent, B.C.] After age of Ancient Greece has passed Woman speaks at beginning and end Not part of song, just introduction, not sure After she gets speaking and instrument plays, true beginning of song Music was mostly monophonic Contains only melody Just the instrument plays the little tune by itself, then singer joins in, then repeat Ancient Greece music largely vocal Accompanies plays String instruments Plucked instruments playing the same part Lyre, psaltery Epitaph Written for death Actually found on a tombstone Clear rhythmic notation...
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MUS 4 - MUS 4: Introduction to Western Music 9/27 Pitch...

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