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Unformatted text preview: 11/27/2007 Jazz • Today o Break from classical o Jazz • Jazz o So many different meanings and style o Original American art form Wasn’t important from Europe o Originated in earlier 20 th century in African American communities Most notably New Orleans • True birth place Major advancement in jazz has been done by African Americans o Comes from conflict of West African musical traditions from slaves and European traditions European: hymns • New England, Protestant • Spirituals • Popular music • Military • Instrument: o Saxophone, trombone West African • Melodic • Tribal o Origin of word Lots of theories First time was used in musical context in 1917 • Original Pixie Land Jazz o Precurssors Cake walk • AA form of music and dance • Parody of formal European ballroom with West African dance • Winner was given a piece of cake • “Takes the cake” • Started in the slave populations, later popular among all segments of society • Late 18 th century Ragtime • Maple Leaf Rag, Entertainer by Joplin • Style of piano playing where the left hand would play jumping on the beat while the right hand played syncopated off beat o Ragging Blues • Came out of West African response traditions • Subject matter that talked about hardtimes, but was supposed to be uplifting • Later took on 12 bar standardized form • Classic rock: blues was essential building ingredient o British bands: Eric Clapton, Jimi Hendrix, Led Zepplin, etc. o Elements of Jazz Syncopation • An accent or stress on a normally unstressed beat • Much easier to hear it than to talk about it o i.e. Meter/time signature & 4,4 o Natural stresses in the 44 meter on the 1 and 3 beat o Syncopate to 2! And 4! • Beat o i.e. scale of 8 o Syncopate by playing accent on second 8 th note and change so notes aren’t entirely even o 1 and 2 and 3 and 4 • Rudolph o i.e. straight, just played what’s on page o Syncopate o Speed up, much more refreshing Improvisation • Spontaneous creating something in music...
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- Fall '08
- Music, chord changes, Big bands, piano solo trumpet, Improv Trumpet solo, Big Bands Jazz