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Tutorial_Feb_7th

Tutorial_Feb_7th - Tutorial Feb 7th THOMSON R(ight T(o...

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Tutorial Feb 7 th THOMSON R(ight) T(o) L(ife) Positive Right – a right that imposes an obligation on someone to do X Negative Right – a right that imposes an obligation on someone to refrain from doing X The RTL simpliciter (without qualification) does not guarantee either positive right or negative right when it involves the use of another’s body. The violinist – who has a RTL - does not entail that you are obligated to either a)Allow him to hook up to and use your body – i.e. positive right b) Refrain from disconnecting him from your body – i.e. negative right RTL – right not to be killed unjustly Unjust action – action that does not accord with prior agreement or consent to do X or refrain from doing X
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Tacit or explicit consent - seems either is sufficient in Thomson’s account for someone to have a claim upon another – for we all have a right not to be killed unjustly, but we all do not explicitly impart these rights to all others Case of Rape / Threat to Life / Reasonable Precautions In these cases killing the fetus would not be a case of unjust killing, for there was no consent made to become pregnant in the 1 st and 3 rd : thus no positive right imparted upon the fetus. Or in the 2 nd case, consent to use one’s body does not seem to involve that one’s own life should be sacrificed for the fetus if such circumstances arose. Questions: Are there any limits to what someone can consent regarding the use of their body? Are there limits to which we can impart a claim for another upon ourselves i.e. Can someone consent to a life of slavery? Or can someone consent to sacrificing their life for the life of another?
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WARREN To reduce the question of abortion to a question
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