PSY 101- Other Article

PSY 101- Other Article - CogSci Summaries home | UP | email...

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[ CogSci Summaries home | UP | email ] http://www.cc.gatech.edu/~jimmyd/summaries/ Ericsson, K. A., Krampe, R. Th., & Tesch-Roemer, C. (1993). The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert performance. Psychological Review, 100, 363-406. Author of the summary: David Zach Hambrick, 1998, [email protected] The Deliberate Practice Framework Expertise is commonly attributed to talent. According to Ericsson and Charness (1994), Vasari first articulated this view in his book The Lives of the Artist (1568). Much later, Galton argued that exceptional performance emerges from a confluence of innate ability and motivation. More formally, this view asserts that practice is necessary to acquire expertise, but that asymptotic levels of performance are constrained by innate ability. The talent view has re-emerged in many forms. For example, in his popular theory of multiple intelligences, Gardner (1983) asserts that individuals are born with proclivities for processing certain types of information musical, spatial, interpersonal, etc. Ericsson and colleagues reject the talent view. There view is based on several observations. For example, skills of prodigies and savants seem to be acquired. For example, research suggests that absolute pitch though to reflect musical talent can be acquired by most people given that music instruction begins at a sufficiently young age. Also, savants in music are sensitive to certain conventions in music, suggesting that their skills are acquired. In addition, basic abilities are relatively weak predictors of performance after initial training. For example, IQ does not discriminate individuals within a domain. (They do acknowledge that there are between domain differences in IQ.) As a final example, physiological attributes may reflect adaptations to the demands of an activity. Based on what they perceive as a lack of evidence for genetic influences on the acquisition of expert performance, Ericsson et al. contend that "the
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