PSY 101- Interview

PSY 101- Interview - An Interview with Dr. Ericsson...

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An Interview with Dr. Ericsson November 15th, 2007 Questions 1-24 Question #1 Your research suggests that experts' memory is not inherited; rather, it is developed due to "engagement in deliberate practice." It sounds like "practice makes perfect" cliché. I wonder if it's because multiple connections are made in our brains, thus becoming an intricate web allowing experts to shine in their respective fields. I guess that would explain another saying -- "only perfect practice makes perfect." Answer "My second line of research has attempted to find a methodology for studying expert performance. This work was a direct result of trying to generalize the successful methodology of studying memory skill to other types of skilled performance. When I started to look for other types of phenomena of reproducible superior performance, I realized that superior abilities in everyday life were rarely measured by objective methods. How do we identify expert teachers, airplane pilots, stockbrokers, or doctors? Traditionally experts were defined by their extended experience and reputation, but frequently there is no close relationship to superior performance. Consequently, Jacqui Smith and I (Ericsson & Smith, 1991) argued that we need to develop a methodology for studying superior expert performance directly. We developed the expert-performance approach based on Adrian de Groot's (1978) pioneering research on expertise in chess" (p.1). "It was during the application of the expert-performance approach to the study of expert musicians that my colleagues and I (Ericsson, Krampe, & Tesch-Römer, 1993) discovered how the complex cognitive mechanisms mediating expert music performance were acquired through deliberate practice and were not a consequence of mere experience. We also found that individual differences in solitary practice (deliberate practice) could explain differences in attained achievement even among expert musicians. For the last decade my collaborators and I have extended these findings to other domains and uncovered more detailed processes mediating performance and learning" (p.2). Question #2 In regards to our current readings, could we also view experts as those individuals who have a heightened sense of assimilation and accommodations in a particular domain? That is, they more easily understand something in light of what they already know or more readily construct a new mental model when required. Answer
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course PSY 101 taught by Professor N/a during the Fall '07 term at Bay State.

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PSY 101- Interview - An Interview with Dr. Ericsson...

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