PSY 101- notes ch.13, 14, & 16

PSY 101- notes ch.13, 14, & 16 - Health psychology...

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Health psychology addresses factors that influence well-being and illness, as well as measures that can be taken to promote health and prevent illness. Primary appraisal interpreting the situation as either benign, neutral/irrelevant, or threatening, in terms of its demand. Secondary appraisal you will be appraising your perceived ability to cope with the situation, that is, the resources you have to deal with it. (GAS) general adaptation syndrome consists of three phases: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion. Type a behavior pattern who tend to live under great pressure and demand much of themselves and others. Three C’s of hardiness- commitment, control, and challenge. Coping self efficacy the belief that we can perform the behaviors necessary to cope successfully Problem-focused coping strategies attempt to confront and directly deal with the demands of the situation or to change the situation so that it is no longer stressful. Emotion-focused coping strategies attempt to manage the emotional responses that result from it. Cognitive restructuring to systematically detect, challenge, and replace these irrational ideas. Self-instructional training people learn to talk to themselves and guide their behavior in ways that help them cope more effectively. Somatic relaxation training provides a means of voluntary reducing or preventing high levels of arousal. Cognitive relaxation a peaceful, mind-clearing state. Gate control theory proposes that the experience of pain results from the opening and closing of gating mechanisms in the nervous system. Stress-induced analgesia a reduction in or absence of perceived pain that occurs under stressful conditions. Transtheoretical model that identified six major stages in the change process- precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, termination. Vulnerability-stress model each of us has some degree of vulnerability for developing a psychological disorder, given sufficient stress. Abnormal behavior as behavior that is personally distressing, personally dysfunctional, and/or so culturally deviant that other people judge it to be inappropriate or maladaptive.
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