Chapter+9and10+notes

Chapter+9and10+notes - Intelligence Indians vs. Colonists...

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Intelligence Indians vs. Colonists Sir Francis Galton 1864 Eminent people had “inherited mental constitution” Lab he measured the “efficiency of the nervous system” Alfred Binent French – schools Forerunner of modern tests 2 assumptions Mental ability develops with age Mental competence is stable over time Ask experienced teachers Mental age 8 year old performed like a 10 would Intelligence quotient IQ Mental age / chronological age x 100 10/8 x 100 = 125 20/16 x 100 = 125 No longer used Not useful for adults 80/20 x 100 = 400 Imported to the US Stanford – Binet 1920 WWI Army Group test army alpha Arm beta = illiterate Inspired schools Wechsler – believed that S-B relied to much on verbal skills Wechsler adult intelligence scale (WAIS) Wechsler intelligence scale for children (WISC) (WPPSI) Most popular What is it, nature vs. nurture, what under lies it Unrelated kinds 2 major approaches to studying Intel Psychometric – statistical study of psy test Cognitive – explores the under lying processes
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Factor analysis – reduces a lot of info down Text clusters but doesn’t tell you why But the other tests are not totally unrelated G factor – general intelligence – core Subtypes of G Crystal – prevaiouse knowledge Fluid problem solving Triarchic theory of intelligence Meta components – plan Performance – do tasks Acquisition – knowledge Multiple intelligence Linguistic, logical, visuopatial, musical, body kinrsthetic, interpersonal, intrupersona, nature Talents vs intelligence Emotional intelligence Read emotions Using emotions Understanding Managing Is this really intelligence Measurement of Intelligence The tests What to test Aptitude - Ability to learn Achievement - What a person has already learned Achievement is a good predictor of future performance But not all people have the same opportunities aptitude maybe fairer But aptitude is hard to separate from achievement
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Measure both Making the test Operational definition What behaviors = intelligence Sample, can’t ask everything Test under standard conditions Key features of a good test Reliability – consistency Validity – how well it measures what it is said to Test retest reliability – QI shouldn’t change Internal consistency – correlation with other questions Interjudge reliability – tester consistency Validity Construct validity – related to other indicators
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Chapter+9and10+notes - Intelligence Indians vs. Colonists...

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