Chapter 16: Reconstruction, 1863–1877I.Wartime Reconstruction- When the north and south where at war and soon to be reunified Abraham Lincoln began thing on how he would reunify the nation. With the end of slavery there had to be an emerging new labor system for the south. Yet it had to assure white loyalty and guarantee of black rights.A.“To Bind up the Nation’s Wounds” –On march 4th1865 Lincoln gave his second inaugural address looking summarizing up the war and looking toward peace.1.Lincoln’s second inaugural- Lincoln contemplated the reunification for nearly two years yet with compassion for the enemy he was focus on finding peace. So it was with his plan of reconstruction that he wanted to shorten the war and end slavery.2.Lincoln’s reconstruction plan December 1863 set out the terms of his pan providing full pardon, restoring property (except slaves) and political rights, to those who renounces the secession and accepted the emancipation proclamation. His plan sought for a quick fix so I didn’t providewith in it that freed slaves be given any political rights or rights themselves.3.The Wade-Davis bill-(Congressman Henry Winter Davis, Senator Benjamin Davis) banned ex-confederates from participating in the drafting of a new bill and demanded that at leasthalf of the voters take an oath of allegiance before reconstruction could beginning. The bill also guaranteed the equality of freedmen before the law. Lincoln however refused to sign. B.Land and Labor- the confiscation act punished traitors by taking away their property...1.From slavery to free labor- they had no intention in economic reforms for the slaves but instead the restoration of agricultural labor. This satisfied no one and was called contemporaryfree labor. 2.A new federal labor code-In Mississippi valley it required slave holders to sign contracts with ex0 slaves and to pay wages. The employer had to provide food, housing, and medical care.3.Land for black settlement- General William Tecumseh Sherman set aside 400,000 acres of land for 40,000 slaves who had been trailing along his troops. In 1865 congress passed abill establishing the bureau of refugees, freedmen, and abandoned lands. The Freedmen’s Bureau help slaves establish themselves as freedmen as it provide food and clothing.C.The African American Quest for Autonomy1.Whites’ response to emancipation- they believed that without the discipline of whites they would become lazy, irresponsibly, and wild. It was pure anarchy to the whites.2.Black aspirations- the wanted to have economic independence and the only way ti do that was if they could own land. They also found the value in knowledge and whish there kids would be going to school than working for someone.II.Presidential Reconstruction- Abe died April 15, 1865. VP Andrew Johnson took over.