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Unformatted text preview: Test 2 Review; Late Medieval and Renaissance Of course, you are responsible for your texts Renaissance unit. Listening: CD 1; cuts 11-33 Be able to identify the title/composer from a list. You are also responsible for the following lecture material: Hildegard of Bingen is born 1098 in Bermersheim bei Alzey near Mainz Germany. She is the last of 10 children of a noble family, given to fevers, reported clairvoyance and spiritual visions beginning in "earliest childhood". Her parents decide to give her as a "tithe" to the church (perhaps they believed she would never be normal or might never find a husband given her ill health and strange visions. At the age of 8, she is given to be a companion to Jutta von Sponheim, a noblewoman who has elected to be cloistered, which means literally. to be "enclosed" or "buried with Christ", and to lead the life of a recluse in a cell "attached" to the Benedictine Cloister of Saint Disabod. From Jutta, Hildegard learns to read and sing elementary Latin and continues her study with Volmar, a monk who will later become her secretary and biographer. As more women are sent or elect (illegitimate or unwanted daughters, or those with a calling to faith) to come to the monastery, a convent observing Benedictine Rule will grow out of this hermitage. Jutta's nobility and seniority place her as abbess of this convent. Hildegard professes her virginity in 1113, takes the veil, and on Jutta's death in 1136, assumes the role of Abbess of the Convent of Saint Disabod's, which is by now a double monastery, with the women's community subordinate to the men's. In 1141 Hildegard reluctantly reveals a vision "accompanied by a blinding light", and writes down her first major work, Scivias, which is a latin colloquial contraction of "Sitas vias Domini" which means, "Know the Ways of the Lord". She writes for guidance to the Church leadership and is given permission to continue with her work based upon Pope Eugenius the III's reading of her incomplete manuscripts. Hildegard becomes a celebrity with this Papal encouragement, and finishes Scivias in 1151. In Scivias, Hildegard describes her visions, and then presents an exegesis "the voice from heaven" that is at the core of understanding her visions. Her themes concern the Holy Trinity, the Creation, the Fall of Lucifer and of Adam, the Incarnation, evil and temptation, the Sacraments of the Church, the nature of wisdom (human knowledge illumined by faith), the steps toward being saved, and the Last Judgement. Hildegard, on the secular plane, employs "Scivias" to criticize her society Judgement....
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- Spring '08