The Chesapeake and the Atlantic
In 1606, English colonists landed in the Chesapeake Bay.
there was much different than in England.
The Susan Constant
, the Godspeed
, and the
, carried 104 men and boys to a marshy peninsula where Jamestown was to be
“The first Virginians were neither stupid nor suicidal.
Jamestown seemed the
ideal place to build a fort” (Breen and Hall, 2004, 87).
The colonists had been
endangered, and yet at times, had been saved from the Indians nearby.
unpreparedness, and the inability to submit to constant work, was too much for the
colonists, many of whom were nobles.
Jamestown was virtually doomed from the
A newly formed council “forced a desperate collection of Englishmen to work in
harmony lest they perish—no small task in light of the settlers’ obstinate individualism
and the forest’s abundant demand for profits”(Plane, 2007, 23).
The upper class
individuals might have assumed that the lower class men should be doing the work.
labor system that was in England was far different than what was needed in Jamestown.
Some men even pursued personal interests of fortune instead of helping to guard or farm.
“There was no talke, no hope, no worke, but dig gold, wash gold, refine gold, loade
gold…”(Smith, John, 1608, 23). Smith’s social commentary alludes to the fact that
individual wants were far above individual needs.
Wahunsaunacock was the leader, or Powhatan, of the Powhatan tribe,