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Exam_One_Notes[1] - Exam One Notes format part I long...

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Exam One Notes: format – part I – long answer (paragraph) (3 out of 4, 10 pts each); part II – essay question from the material (40 pts); part III – essay on reading – based on the study questions – bring blue book Origins of ‘la Louisiane’ V. Early Modern European Society (1500 – 1700) * On April 9, 1862 in what is today Plaquemines Parish, a group under Lord La Salle got together – made chants, praised the king etc. He did all this in the name of Louis the 14 th (Louis the great) – this is the birth of Louisiana. * To understand La Salle, we have to look at our early modern European society , 1500 – 1700. In order to do this, we have to understand these things: (1) We have to understand LA within the context of European expansion into the New World. (2) We have to see the Western Hemisphere of a meeting place of people of European, Native American, and African descents – various in each of these cultures. (3) We have to try to forget everything we know they way society should be organized – individualized liberty, rights etc. * Four different ideas/ characteristics of what we could call this society: (1) This was a society of tradition and hierarchy , not of equal rights. Some people were just born better than others – the monarch, aristocrats and the lords, officers, the working/ middle class, and the poor. There was no social mobility. This was a society that emphasized collective happiness/ rights over that of the individual – put their rights aside for the village. (2) Particularly the case in France: The emergence and the rise of the absolute monarch . The king is the source of all power and sovereignty in the empire. This was not a society that made a distinction between the church and the state, the secular and the sacred. The king ruled over the kingdom and was god’s representative on Earth – divinely ordained. England had the parliament – was different. France did have a parliament, but it didn’t do that much. “Me King, Me Law, Me Faith” & “I am the state” – Louis XIV (14 th ). (3) European philosophers particularly in France and England (17 th and 18 th centuries) began to articulate individualism – rights to liberty, freedom etc. You can trace these to the origin of western civilization. The really became important during this time. Philosophers are questioning the monarchy. But, most people still looked to the lords and the monarch for direction. (4) During the 17 th and 18 th centuries, there was an emergence of a modern capitalist system owning not only your own body, but your own labor. Absolute property rights – even nobleman had to respect a peasant’s right to the land…customary claims. The notion of a market economy – people interact in the marketplace. All interchange is an interchange of the market.
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