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Hist 0420 - SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION, I

Hist 0420 - SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION, I - THE SCIENTIFIC...

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THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION, I I. Science and the World II. What Was the Scientific Revolution? Astronomy: the solar system Nicholas COPERNICUS, 1473-1543 Johannes KEPLER, 1571-1630 GALILEO GALILEI, 1564-1642 ISAAC NEWTON, 1642-1727 Physics: mechanics and gravity Galileo Newton Mathematics: calculus Newton Leibnitz The scientific method - all great scientists were mathematicians - math unites 2 sciences- physics & astronomy together The Philosophy of science Francis Bacon Theory- carry out experiments, derive theory as a result of experiment, compare data, tend to confirm data, of no confirmation they reform theory III. Perspectives on the history of science SCIENTIFIC THEORY- Revealed truth= started out with truth; truth cannot change DEDUCTION & deductive logic- previous scientific method- going from the general to the specific INDUCTION & inductive logic- what science actually needs; moving from the specific to the general. EX: Mary just died, Mary is human, human is mortal; therefore, humans are mortal.
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