Hist 0423 - SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION, II

Hist 0423 - SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION, II - THE SCIENTIFIC...

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THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION, II I. The Social Sciences: The Beginnings of Anthropology ETHNOLOGY- the study of culture The 2 best scientists were - Bernardino de Sahagún - Diego Durán Joseph de Acosta- wrote a history of the people of America; noticed not all people were the same. Says that this is how Europe was at once (Europe went from barbarism to civilized to Christianity) Compares Indians and Europeans. Indians are different b/c of their culture—race is not used as a concept. He says the Spaniards are better than Indians b/c of religion. Spanish wanted to spread Christianity. II. The emergence of the new logic: the Philosophy of Science FRANCIS BACON, 1561-1626- important politician; science is knowledge, knowledge is power. He made an argument that scientists should move to induction rather than deduction. Also, theories should be considered either exactly or very nearly true. People should generalize based on data and create theories. Humans would develop and would be able to control nature. Science was becoming
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Hist 0423 - SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION, II - THE SCIENTIFIC...

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