Hist 0425 - ABSOLUTISM

Hist 0425 - ABSOLUTISM - ABSOLUTISM Absolutism: the...

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ABSOLUTISM Absolutism: the solution to disorder; uses force to accomplish order in the expense of freedom I. Towards democracy: Democracy is achieved; based on agreement by people. Has to accomplish two balanced goals: - Freedom & order: it is in our interest to have order, if we do not have it, we have war Sovereignty: highest power - Popular sovereignty- people are the highest authority; gov’t is with the consent of the people rather than tradition of heritage. Problem: How to balance order with freedom? THOMAS HOBBES, Leviathan : grew up during Civil War and violence; lawlessness. Argued that human beings are inclined to disorder; humans are essentially animals; unless there is order, humans are animals in the jungle - STATE OF NATURE: there is no law or rights. “Where there is no law, there is injustice” JOHN LOCKE- state of war, “where there is no law, there is no freedom”; founder of modern democracy; saw the tyranny of the gov’t; argued that order is fine, but gov’t must be restrained. Law
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2008 for the course HIST 015 taught by Professor Patch during the Spring '07 term at UC Riverside.

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Hist 0425 - ABSOLUTISM - ABSOLUTISM Absolutism: the...

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