28 - 1/31/08 The Native people of canada Prehistory How did...

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1/31/08 The Native people of canada Prehistory How did the first peoples populate the North American continent? The Bering Strait -Land -Sea -or Combination? When did this happen? -100,000? 50,000? 30,000? years ago -13,000-12,000 years ago(widely accepted) -Land Bridge combination -3,000-2,000 years ago (another widely accepted date) -Sea route combination (ancestors of modern day "eskimos" (Inuit) How do we know this? -Archaeological evidence -Geologic evidence Archaeological Evidence -Primary from "kill" sites -Affected by quality of soil preservation(or lack thereof) -Affected by post depositional processes -Affected by human calculations and miscalculations Clovis Point -Associated with big game hunting Stratigraphy -Excavating using the layers found in the ground Thousands of years later. .. -First Europeans The Norseman -986 A.D. Bjarni Herjulfsson in Labrador -982 A.D. Eric the Red in Greenland -1000 A.D. Leif and Thorvald Erikson in Newfoundland (Eric, Lief and were Thorvald all related) Why did they leave?
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-Harsh environment? -Lack of support? -The Skraelings? (miscommunications) Who are the Skraelings? -Norseman term for Inuit people Who came next? -Late 1400's European Fisherman from -England -France -Basque -Portugal -Spain -1497 John Cabot while searching for riches claims Newfoundland and Cape Breton for England Giovanni da Verrazzano -1524 sailed from North Carolina to Newfoundland -Favorable interactions with natives along the way. . -Except with the Beothuk. . (first to become extinct) -Why? (Cultural differences) Jacques Cartier -First to travel down the St. Lawrence river in 1534 -Encountered Iroquoians from Stadacona(Present day Quebec), erects a cross on their land, upsets their chief (Donnacona), Imprisons him, takes sons captive for a year. -Returns to Stadacona with Donnaconas sons, proceeds south to Hochelaga (present day Montreal) to trade -Returns to Stadacona and is aided by the Stadaconans with a remedy for scurvy -Thanks the Stadaconans by takeing thier cheif, his two sons and seven other people hostage. 2/7/08 Ecological Base model (Dr. Robert Bee) Each part of the Ecological Base model affects one another
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I. Environment -Natural The physical makeup of the enviroment, e.g. ., Trees, mountains, ocean, rivers, hills, ect. .. -Sociocultural The social environment that you are in, e.g., family, friends, work, school, place of worship. Also the role you play in these environments, e.g., son, daughter, uncle, aunt, best friends, employees, students, athletes, political beliefs, spiritual beliefs, social beliefs. II. Economic production
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28 - 1/31/08 The Native people of canada Prehistory How did...

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