08 canada - locations-Burial mounds-Mississippian influence-Primarily egalitarian Protohistoric/Early Historic Period-1541 Francisco de Cornado

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2/28/08 Great Plains Plains Early Prehistoric -Environment continues to become dryer -Hunters + Gathers "Pedestrian Hunters" (everything is done on foot) -Hunting Bison and other animals -Using spears and atatls (tool for throwing spear) -Small groups -Highly nomadic yet always near a water source -Using side notched points Late Prehistoric 1AD-1740AD -Bow and arrow began to replace the spear and atlatl (comes from the original inuits) -Increased their use of bison jumps -Head smashed in -Increased their use of bison pounds and corrals -Avonlea point (TINY and really sharp) -Bison Coral Bison/Buffalo knowledge -Know where they are -Herd density -Not too fast/slow -Know males from Females -Physical changes based on season Late Prehistoric (continued) -Selective hunting -Maximum utilization of animals -Use of cooking pits -Pemmican -Pottery -Traded bison meat with eastern tribes -Using dogs and travios -Diverse and exotic grave goods -Evidence of shamanic rituals and medicine wheels - (astrology, burial, buffalo
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Unformatted text preview: locations)-Burial mounds-Mississippian influence-Primarily egalitarian Protohistoric/Early Historic Period-1541 - Francisco de Cornado visited the plains and introduced the european horse-It took approximately 100 years for the horse to spread to tribes across the plains-Horse-European trade goods-Firearms Historic Period-Horses and firearms were obtained from trade and theft.-Continuation of communal dependance on bison-Bison decreased due to over hunting and diseases-Dependance on Europeans/traders for power/goods-Horse Raiding becomes commonplace-Warfare is now glorified-War chiefs and piece Chiefs-Fighting for territory, counting coup, making a name for yourself via battle becomes widespread - Why?-Increase in politics and religion-Polygny (more than one wife, because of less men)-Sundance-Manitou/Wakan-Trickster-Painting-Tattooing-Burial Scaffolds-Medicine bundles-Larger Groups-Eastern groups were forced west and north by Europeans causing increased interaction....
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2008 for the course ANT 222 taught by Professor Ant during the Spring '08 term at Eastern CT.

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08 canada - locations-Burial mounds-Mississippian influence-Primarily egalitarian Protohistoric/Early Historic Period-1541 Francisco de Cornado

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