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Chapter 18 Notes - Section 18.1: Conflict In the New South...

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Section 18.1: Conflict In the New SouthEconomic Development and Economic OptimismNew South: an ideology developed by some elite Southerners that declared an end tothe nostalgia for slavery and plantation life and a beginning for the economicdevelopment of the South while protecting the growing racial segregation of the regionfrom any Northern inferencesawmills, factories, mines, and railroads were being builtHenry Gradywas announcing that the South had come of age economicallyRail lines provided Southerners with important new connections to the outside worldNew industries were also growing in the SouthConvicts working on the railroadsIron and steel were produced at the South’s fastest growing city, aka BirminghamCoca-Cola- Asa G CandlerNostalgia and Celebration of the “Lost Cause”Generational tensions between Confederate veterans and younger people were arising“Lost Cause”the Civil War celebrated as a glorious and righteous fightpeople produced romantic stories of thisReligion in the New SouthReligious imagery and biblical language were a strong part of the South’s cultureBlack churches became the place where former slaves could meet with a measure ofsafety, share and build and new communal identity, and control the intellectual andcultural life of their own institutionBaptist and MethodistsCreating the Segregated SouthChurches were segregated by custom and choiceschools, hospitals, and hotels were generally segregated by lawFirst-class and second-class carsfirst class-whitessecond class- smoking whites and blacksThe Politics of ExclusionMost state legislatures had a few black representativesFears of black political involvement grew in the 1890s when the Populist movementdisrupted Southern politicsGrandfather Clause- if your gpa voted, you can vote too“Solid South” = solidly white and DemocraticMississippi rewrote its state constitution, creating what looked like colorblind obstaclesthat would stop all blacks from votingWilliams vs MississippiAfrican-American ResponsesIda B Wellschallenged the lynchings that were a key part of the violence used to maintainsegregation

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US History, Trade union, Strike action, Populist Party, Industrial Workers of the World, Industrial unionism, American Railway Union

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