Excercise Rx Midterm

Excercise Rx Midterm - Individualized Exercise Prescription...

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Unformatted text preview: Individualized Exercise Prescription Lecture 1 What does it mean to be healthy? • Historically o Absence of disease(limiting definition) o Involuntary control(genetics/environment) • World Health Organization(WHO) o A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease and infirmity Concept of Wellness • Absence of disease + 7 dimensions of wellness o (1) Emotional: ability to cope with stress(most underated) o (2) Occupational: Able to use skills you have, learn new skills o (3) Social: Ability to develop and maintain interpersonal relationships o (4) Spiritual: Sense of meaning/purpose o (5) Environmental: Environmental conditions on health o (6) Mental: Keeping the mind active QUIZ Study: 5,000 people taken > 55 years old; Cognitive abilities increased with decreased television watching Reyes took older individuals suffering from parkensis Playing puzzles increases cognitive functioning • Playing games decreased parkensis; Rewires brain at any age o (7) Physical: Absence of disease Functional Independence Leads to improved quality of life Physical activity vs. fitness • Activity: Muscle contraction + energy expenditure • Exercise: Planned, structural, repetitive • Fitness: Skill+health+physiological Physical Fitness • Skill Related(third: requires higher intensity escercise) o agility, balance, coordination, speed, power, reaction time • Health Related (second) o cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, body composition • Physiologic Fitness (starts first) o metabolic, morphologic, bone integrity Sedentary Death Syndrome • Graph of preventable deaths: your lifestyle can be changed to prevent deaths from these causes • Second graph is for all deaths, and their cause. Most of it is within our control • 83% of deaths before 65 are preventable Chronic diseases • Low cost, fast food avaliab Healthy People Initiative • The government saw these lifestyle deaths and decided upon the HPI • Due to worldwide health decline • Re-evaluated every 10 years • Goal to improve nationwide Wellness o ⇓ preventable death, disability, disease • Focus on Physical Activity • Personal responsibility • Health benefits for all • Shift from treatment to prevention ⇒ ⇑ HLE (Healthy life expectancy) Lecture 2 Benefits and Risk of Exercise Benefits • ⇓ Risk of: o Heart Disease o Type 2 Diabetes o Bone Fracture/Osteoporosis • ⇑ and/or prevents decline in: o Physical Work Capacity: our population can be more productive in later age...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2008 for the course EXSC 203L taught by Professor Raney during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Excercise Rx Midterm - Individualized Exercise Prescription...

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