1823 - Week 12 - Review for Midterm 2

1823 - Week 12 - Review for Midterm 2 - Review for...

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Unformatted text preview: Review for Midterm #2 Week 12 Exam Structure 40 multiple choice questions recorded on a ScanTron form. learn from your past mistakes: Please Do not discount the class readings!!! Use logic when answering questions Read the question and each possible answer thoroughly When in doubt, the answer is NOT always `C' Sacrifice (review notes) Layers of meaning Expression Transaction, Substitution, Test of Faith Purification, Communion, Spread of Grace Cross-Cultural Nuer (Individually appeasing angry spirits) Kwaio (Collectively atoning for sins) India (Move from Animal to Vegetable) Islam (Model of Abraham Morocco, Gayo) Be sure to know not just why they do these things, but HOW (what is the ritual involved?). Rules and Boundaries (Class notes and Bowie chpt. 3: p.64-65, 71-76) General Principles for Daily Conduct, Spiritual Covenant (negative) vs. Prescription (positive) Guidelines Visible Case Proscription Internal Caste symbols of spiritual convictions vs. External Boundaries Studies: and Purity in India Old Testament Food Taboos African (Yoruba) Religion under Catholicism Film: Yidl in the Middle Readings: Ritual Purity and Social Boundaries The Politics of dress, and Contesting Boundaries Sacred Symbols (Notes, Bowie chpt. 2: p.36-45, 54-57) Likeness or resemblance (Iconic Mode) Ceremonial Masks depicting scenes of creation Religious icons depicting saints or holy men Bread and Wine of Communion Japanese tablets representing soul of the deceased. History of Contact Increasing Abstraction (Symbolic Mode) Sacred Relics of early Christian Church Asmat carvings housing spirits of fallen kinsmen Sacred Symbols Resemblance, History of Contact, Abstract Principles Asmat carvings, Dogon Masks, Christian Icons Film: Asmat of Papua New Guinea Carvings/ancestors, Sabo Palm Tree Pulp/mother's milk, Mangrove Tree/humans, Coconuts/heads, Praying Mantis/decapitation. Body as a Symbol, Mary Douglas, etc. Personal and Cultural Symbols Readings: Religious Authority, and Movements (Notes & SR 362-363, [also, see below]) Religious The Authority: Traditional, Legalistic Charismatic, Divinely "Prophet" as a Type Inspired Messenger Muhammad, Joseph Smith, Ngundeng Bong See SR, "Islam", pp. 459-467 The "Saint" as a Type and Intermediary Exemplar Ghost Revitalization What Movements Dance, Cargo Cults did they think would happen? Why? What do they have in common? Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage (Notes & Bowie chpt. 9, p. 244-249) What is a pilgrimage and a sacred site? Relation to a commemoration or spiritual journey Types of pilgrimage? (See Bowie text) The Islamic Hajj Why do Muslims go to Mecca? Know the sites and why people go there. Know the rules that people follow. Pilgrimage Clothing in Japan marks pilgrims Follows the path of Buddhist leader Sacred Language World often believed created by a speech act. Original languages believed to contain true meanings of things. Sacred works believe to be divinely inspired. Quakers simple speech (words of Adam, the familiar `you') Problems with Translation Power in Navajo speech Animacy Hierarchy Link between thought and speech Exact record...divine source...flawless Importance of repetition Meaning over `Lettering' Islam: Importance of Ancient Arabic Early Protestant views on sacred language Be sure to review: Ancient Hebrew in Judaism [see: SR:433-444] (from the week on Sacrifice). Questions? Be sure to bring a #2 pencil with you. ...
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