1823 - Week 5 - Review for Midterm Exam 1

1823 - Week 5 - Review for Midterm Exam 1 - Review for...

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Unformatted text preview: Review for Midterm Exam #1 Test date: 14 February 2008 3:004:15pm Exam Format 40 Multiple Choice Questions 1/3 lectures 1/3 videos 1/3 readings Each question is worth 2.5 points for the total of 100. This exam is worth 20% of your final grade Features of Religion (Review your class notes) 1. Shared Understanding 2. Organized Social Events 3. Sacred Symbols 4. Specialists Dogma, Beliefs, Myth, Code of Morals Sense of Community ceremonies, rites, & rituals Icons, Idols, Representations of ideas Shaman, Sorcerer, Witch, Prophet, & Priest Great works passed down through the ages 5. Sacred Language Schools of Thought (See Bowie book and notes from week 1) Intellectual (Interpretive) Tylor (pp13) Spirits, Dreams, Afterlife; animism, polytheism, monotheism Social (Sociological) Durkheim (pp15; 124 127) Totems and Social Groups Psychological Malinowski (pp1415) Anxiety and Fishing Magic Ritual (Review class notes; see Bowie ch. 6 [esp. 152-157]; see "Betwixt and Between [SR: 177-184]) What is a ritual and what does it do? Layers of Meaning Rites of Passage Psychological, Social, Intellectual Birth, Puberty, Initiation, Death Victor Turner's definitions Universal Stages Separation, Liminal Period, Reincorporation Film Rites of Passage The Devil's Playground Abstract: Devil's Playground explores the Amish ritual of Rumspringa, a comingofage "time for decision" presented to Amish youth when they must decide which path they will follow as adults... 16th century religious scripture or 21st century pleasure. NPR report: http://www.npr.org/programs/morning/features/2002/may /amish/ Magic (class notes; see "Baseball Magic" [SR:203-209) Working Definition Manipulation of objects to produce tangible effects (Presence of spiritual beings vs. occult forces). Sympathetic Magic Acting on one object influences another Contagious vs. Homeopathic Relation to Anxiety Relief vs. Ritual reinforcement Shamanism (Review class notes; Bowie chpt 7; see "Effective Features of Therapy from the Healer's Perspective" [SR:301-310] ) Working definition Healing through contact with spirits Province (Nearly worldwide) Origins (Cave art 800025,000 BP) Training Consciousness Types (Small scale animal spirits / Agricultural crops and rainfall) Film: Shamanism In Pursuit of the Siberian Shaman Abstract: Long suppressed by missionaries and then by Soviet antireligious campaigns, Siberian shamanism has experienced an unprecedented revival following the collapse of the Soviet Union, and the number of shamans continues to rise. But who are these new shamans? Are they tricksters, magicians, businessmen, or cultural activists? This film takes a behindthe scenes look at a Buryat shaman living on an island in the Lake Baikal as he moves between intimate shamanic rituals performed for local clientele and shows performed at various resorts for Western tourists in search of "primitive" cultures. The film captures crosscultural miscommunication as the shaman and tourists misunderstand one another, usually comically, sometimes disturbingly, made all the more poignant by the conflict between the dominant Russian Orthodox Church and the local shamanic tradition. Juxtaposing 1920s archival footage of a shamanic performance with its contemporary counterparts, the film grapples with the longstanding tension between the "indigenous" and the "cosmopolitan" in a rapidly transnational world. Working definition Witchcraft (class notes; Bowie pp.203-207, 212-215, also see "The Goddess and Power" [SR:373-79] ) Inflicts harm through spiritual condition Innate powers vs. association with evil May or may not be intentional Examples: Azande, Early Modern Europe, Salem, MA Film: Witchcraft Witchcraft Among the Azande Abstract: Presents the role of witchcraft among the Azande in spite of their acceptance of Christianity. Focuses on its usage in adjudicating disputes, curing illness, assuring success in the hunt, and purification of the newborn. Questions? Please bring a #2 pencil with you on Thursday!!!! I will provide ScanTron Forms. ...
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