Chapter 5 - Motivaiton

Chapter 5 - Motivaiton - Chapter 5 Motivation at Work...

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Motivation at Work Chapter 5
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Definition of Motivation Motivation the process of arousing and sustaining goal-directed behavior
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3 Groups of Motivational Theories Internal Suggest that variables within the individual give rise to motivation and behavior Example: Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory Process Emphasize the nature of the interaction between the individual and the environment Example: Expectancy theory External Focus on environmental elements to explain behavior Example: Two-factor theory
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Early Philosophers of Motivational Theories Max Weber work contributes to salvation Protestant work ethic Sigmund Freud delve into the unconscious mind to better understand a person’s motives and needs Adam Smith “enlightened” self-interest - that which is in the best interest and benefit to the individual and to other people Frederick Taylor founder of scientific management emphasized cooperation between management and labor to enlarge company profits
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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Physiological Safety and Security Love (Social) Esteem SA Lowest to highest order
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McGregor’s Theories X and Y Theory X A set of assumptions of how to manage individuals who are motivated by lower order needs Theory Y A set of assumptions of how to manage individuals who are motivated by higher order needs
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Application to the Needs Hierarchy Physiological Safety and Security Love (Social) Esteem SA Theory Y – a set of assumptions of how to manage individuals motivated by higher order needs Theory X – a set of assumptions of how to manage individuals motivated by lower order needs
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McGregor’s Assumptions About People Based on Theory X Naturally indolent Lack ambition, dislike responsibility, and prefer to be led Inherently self-centered and indifferent to organizational needs Naturally resistant to change Gullible, not bright, ready dupes
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McGregor’s Assumptions About People Based on Theory Y Passive and resistant behaviors are not inherent but rather are the result of organizational experience People possess Motivation Development potential Capacity for assuming responsibility Readiness to direct behavior toward organizational goals Management’s task is to arrange conditions and operational methods so people can achieve their own goals by directing efforts to organizational goals
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Alderfer’s ERG Theory Clayton Alderfer further adapter the needs hierarchy and refined it into 3 needs groups Existence – the most fundamental of needs Relatedness – those needs associated with social needs Growth – those higher order needs associated with our development and growth
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course OS 286 taught by Professor Ormsby during the Fall '08 term at Clarkson University .

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Chapter 5 - Motivaiton - Chapter 5 Motivation at Work...

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