VOCAB 1 - Anomie Bureaucracy Capitalism Division of labor...

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Unformatted text preview: Anomie Bureaucracy Capitalism Division of labor Feminist theory Functionalism Globalization Ideology Latent functions Macrosociology Manifest functions Marxism Materialist conception of history Microsociology Organic solidarity Postmodernism Power Rational choice approach Rationalization Science Social constraint Social facts Social structure Sociological imagination Sociology Structuration Symbol Symbolic interactionism Theoretical approach Theory Title Description Reference A concept first brought into wide usage in sociology by Durkheim, referring to A type of organization marked by a clear hierarchy of authority and the existe An economic system based on the private ownership of wealth, which is inve The specialization of work tasks, by means of which different occupations are A sociological perspective that emphasizes the centrality of gender in analyzi A theoretical perspective based on the notion that social events can best be e The development of social and economic relationships stretching worldwide. Shared ideas or beliefs that serve to justify the interests of dominant groups. Functional consequences that are not intended or recognized by the member The study of largescale groups, organizations, or social systems. The functions of a type of social activity that are known to and intended by th A body of thought deriving its main elements from Marx's ideas. The view developed by Marx, according to which material, or economic, facto The study of human behavior in contexts of facetoface interaction. According to Emile Durkheim, the social cohesion that results from the variou The belief that society is no longer governed by history or progress. Postmod The ability of individuals or the members of a group to achieve aims or furthe More broadly, the theory that an individual's behavior is purposive. Within the A concept used by Max Weber to refer to the process by which modes of pre In the sense of physical science, the systematic study of the physical world. S The conditioning influence on our behavior of the groups and societies of whi According to Emile Durkheim, the aspects of social life that shape our actions The underlying regularities or patterns in how people behave and in their rela The application of imaginative thought to the asking and answering of sociolo The study of human groups and societies, giving particular emphasis to analy The twoway process by which we shape our social world through our individ One item used to stand for or represent another--as in the case of a flag, wh A theoretical approach in sociology developed by George Herbert Mead, whi A perspective on social life derived from a particular theoretical tradition. Som An attempt to identify general properties that explain regularly observed even logy by Durkheim, referring to a situation in which social norms lose their hold over individual behavior. chy of authority and the existence of written rules of procedure and staffed by fulltime, salaried officials. ership of wealth, which is invested and reinvested in order to produce profit. which different occupations are combined within a production system. All societies have at least some rudimentary form of divis centrality of gender in analyzing the social world and particularly the uniqueness of the experience of women. There are many hat social events can best be explained in terms of the functions they perform--that is, the contributions they make to the contin onships stretching worldwide. In current times, we are all influenced by organizations and social networks located thousands of interests of dominant groups. Ideologies are found in all societies in which there are systematic and ingrained inequalities betw or recognized by the members of a social system in which they occur. or social systems. e known to and intended by the individuals involved in the activity. om Marx's ideas. ch material, or economic, factors have a prime role in determining historical change. etoface interaction. on that results from the various parts of a society functioning as an integrated whole. y history or progress. Postmodern society is highly pluralistic and diverse, with no "grand narrative" guiding its development. roup to achieve aims or further the interests they hold. Power is a pervasive element in all human relationships. Many conflicts havior is purposive. Within the field of criminology, rational choice analysis argues that deviant behavior is a rational response t rocess by which modes of precise calculation and organization, involving abstract rules and procedures, increasingly come to d c study of the physical world. Science involves the disciplined marshaling of empirical data, combined with theoretical approach he groups and societies of which we are members. Social constraint was regarded by Emile Durkheim as one of the distinctive ocial life that shape our actions as individuals. Durkheim believed that social facts could be studied scientifically. eople behave and in their relationships with one another. sking and answering of sociological questions. Someone using the sociological imagination "thinks himself away" from the famil g particular emphasis to analysis of the industrialized world. Sociology is one of a group of social sciences, which include anthr ocial world through our individual actions and by which we are reshaped by society. r--as in the case of a flag, which symbolizes a nation. by George Herbert Mead, which emphasizes the role of symbols and language as core elements of all human interaction. cular theoretical tradition. Some of the major theoretical traditions in sociology include functionalism, symbolic interactionism, a xplain regularly observed events. Theories form an essential element of all sociological works. While theories tend to be linked udimentary form of division of labor, especially between the tasks allocated to men and those performed by women. With the de omen. There are many strands of feminist theory, but they all share the desire to explain gender inequalities in society and to w they make to the continuity of a society. ks located thousands of miles away. A key part of the study of globalization is the emergence of a world system--for some purp rained inequalities between groups. The concept of ideology connects closely with that of power, since ideological systems ser ng its development. onships. Many conflicts in society are struggles over power, because how much power an individual or group is able to achieve is a rational response to a specific social situation. , increasingly come to dominate the social world. ith theoretical approaches and theories that illuminate or explain those data. Scientific activity combines the creation of boldly n s one of the distinctive properties of social facts. elf away" from the familiar routines of daily life. ces, which include anthropology, economics, political science, and human geography. The divisions between the various social human interaction. mbolic interactionism, and Marxism. Theoretical approaches supply overall perspectives within which sociologists work and influ ories tend to be linked to broader theoretical approaches, they are also strongly influenced by the research results they help ge by women. With the development of industrialism, the division of labor became vastly more complex than in any prior type of p alities in society and to work to overcome them. system--for some purposes, we need to regard the world as forming a single social order. deological systems serve to legitimize the power that groups hold. group is able to achieve governs how far they are able to put their wishes into practice. the creation of boldly new modes of thought with the careful testing of hypotheses and ideas. One major feature that helps dis ween the various social sciences are not clearcut, and all share a certain range of common interests, concepts, and methods. ociologists work and influence the areas of their research as well as the modes in which research problems are identified and ta arch results they help generate. an in any prior type of production system. In the modern world, the division of labor is international in scope. or feature that helps distinguish science from other idea systems (such as religion) is the assumption that all scientific ideas are oncepts, and methods. ms are identified and tackled. at all scientific ideas are open to criticism and revision. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course SOC 302 taught by Professor Langenkamp during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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