VOCAB 2 - Title Causal relationship Introduction to...

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Introduction to Sociology, 6 ed. - Chapter 02 Title Description Reference Causal relationship A relationship in which one state of affairs (the effect) is brought about by another (the cause). Causation The causal influence of one factor, or variable, upon another. A cause and effect relationship exists whenever a particular event or state of affairs (the effect) is produced by the existence of another (the cause). Causal factors in sociology include the reasons individuals give for what they do, as well as external influences on their behavior. Comparative questions Questions concerned with drawing comparisons between different human societies for the purposes of sociological theory or research. Comparative research Research that compares one set of findings on one society with the same type of findings on other societies. Controls Statistical or experimental means of holding some variables constant in order to examine the causal influence of others. Correlation The regular relationship between two variables, often expressed in statistical terms. Correlations may be positive or negative. A positive correlation between two variables exists when a high rank on one variable is associated with a high rank on the other. A negative correlation exists when a high rank on one variable is associated with a low rank on the
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course SOC 302 taught by Professor Langenkamp during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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VOCAB 2 - Title Causal relationship Introduction to...

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