VOCAB 3 - Title Agrarian societies Assimilation Colonialism Cultural relativism Cultural turn Cultural universals Culture Developing world

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Unformatted text preview: Title Agrarian societies Assimilation Colonialism Cultural relativism Cultural turn Cultural universals Culture Developing world Ethnocentrism First World Hunting and gathering societies Industrialization Industrialized societies Instincts Language Linguistic relativity hypothesis Marriage Material goods Multiculturalism Nationstates Nationalism Newly industrializing economy (NIE) Norms Pastoral societies Second World Semiotics Signifier Society Sociobiology Subcultures Third world Values Description Reference Societies whose means of subsistence are based on agricultural product The acceptance of a minority group by a majority population, in which th The process whereby Western nations established their rule in parts of t The practice of judging a society by its own standards. Sociology's recent emphasis on the importance of understanding the role Values or modes of behavior shared by all human cultures. The values, norms, and material goods characteristic of a given group. L The lessdeveloped societies, in which industrial production is either virtu The tendency to look at other cultures through the eyes of one's own cul The group of nationstates that possesses mature industrialized econom Societies whose mode of subsistence is gained from hunting animals, fis The process of the machine production of goods. Strongly developed nationstates in which the majority of the population Fixed patterns of behavior that have genetic origins and that appear in a The primary vehicle of meaning and communication in a society, languag A hypothesis, based on the theories of Sapir and Whorf, that perceptions A socially approved sexual relationship between two people. Marriage al The physical objects that a society creates, which influence the ways in w Ethnic groups exist separately and share equally in economic and politic Particular types of states, characteristic of the modern world, in which go A set of beliefs and symbols expressing identification with a national com Developing countries that over the past two or three decades have begu Rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given range of so Societies whose subsistence derives from the rearing of domesticated a Before the 1989 democracy movements, this included the industrialized The study of the ways in which nonlinguistic phenomena can generate m Any vehicle of meaning and communication. A group of people who live in a particular territory, are subject to a comm An approach that attempts to explain the behavior of both animals and h Values and norms distinct from those of the majority, held by a group wit A term used during the Cold War to describe developing nations. Ideas held by individuals or groups about what is desirable, proper, good ed on agricultural production (crop growing). ty population, in which the new group takes on the values and norms of the dominant culture. hed their rule in parts of the world away from their home territories. e of understanding the role of culture in daily life. an cultures. eristic of a given group. Like the concept of society, the notion of culture is widely used in sociology and the other social scienc al production is either virtually nonexistent or only developed to a limited degree. The majority of the world's population lives in l the eyes of one's own culture, and thereby misrepresent them. ure industrialized economies based on capitalistic production. d from hunting animals, fishing, and gathering edible plants. majority of the population work in factories or offices rather than in agriculture, and most people live in urban areas. gins and that appear in all normal animals within a given species. ation in a society, language is a system of symbols that represent objects and abstract thoughts. nd Whorf, that perceptions are relative to language. n two people. Marriage almost always involves two persons of opposite sexes, but in some cultures, types of homosexual marr ch influence the ways in which people live. ly in economic and political life. modern world, in which governments have sovereign power within defined territorial areas, and populations are citizens who kn cation with a national community. three decades have begun to develop a strong industrial base, such as Singapore and Hong Kong. vior in a given range of social situations. A norm either prescribes a given type of behavior or forbids it. All human groups follow earing of domesticated animals. ncluded the industrialized Communist societies of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. enomena can generate meaning--as in the example of a traffic light. ry, are subject to a common system of political authority, and are aware of having a distinct identity from other groups. Some s vior of both animals and human beings in terms of biological principles. ajority, held by a group within a wider society. eveloping nations. is desirable, proper, good, and bad. What individuals value is strongly influenced by the specific culture in which they happen t d the other social sciences (particularly anthropology). Culture is one of the most distinctive properties of human social associat rld's population lives in lessdeveloped countries. es of homosexual marriages are tolerated. Marriage normally forms the basis of a family of procreation--that is, it is expected ons are citizens who know themselves to be part of single nations. Nationstates are closely associated with the rise of national All human groups follow definite norms, which are always backed by sanctions of one kind or another--varying from informal di m other groups. Some societies, like hunting and gathering societies, are small, numbering no more than a few dozen people. O in which they happen to live. f human social association. --that is, it is expected that the married couple will produce and bring up children. Some societies permit polygamy, in which an with the rise of nationalism, although nationalist loyalties do not always conform to the boundaries of specific states. Nationsta varying from informal disapproval to physical punishment. n a few dozen people. Others are large, numbering millions--modern Chinese society, for instance, has a population of more th it polygamy, in which an individual may have several spouses at the same time. ecific states. Nationstates developed as part of an emerging nationstate system, originating in Europe; in current times, they a population of more than a billion people. ; in current times, they span the whole globe. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course SOC 302 taught by Professor Langenkamp during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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