VOCAB 7 - Title Anomie Community policing Conflict theory...

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Unformatted text preview: Title Anomie Community policing Conflict theory Control theory Corporate crime Crimes Cybercrime Deviance Deviant subculture Differential association Labeling theory Laws New criminology Norms Organized crime Primary deviation Psychopaths Sanction Secondary deviation Shaming Whitecollar crime Description Reference A concept first brought into wide usage in sociology by Durkheim, referring to a situation A renewed emphasis on crime prevention rather than law enforcement to reintegrate po Argument that deviance is deliberately chosen and often political in nature. A theory that views crime as the outcome of an imbalance between impulses toward cri Offenses committed by large corporations in society. Examples of corporate crime inclu Any actions that contravene the laws established by a political authority. Although we m Criminal activities by means of electronic networks or involving the use of new informati Modes of action that do not conform to the norms or values held by most members of a A subculture whose members hold values that differ substantially from those of the majo An interpretation of the development of criminal behavior proposed by Edwin H. Sutherl An approach to the study of deviance that suggests that people become "deviant"" beca Rules of behavior established by a political authority and backed by state power. A branch of criminological thought, prominent in Britain in the 1970s, that regarded devi Rules of conduct that specify appropriate behavior in a given range of social situations. Criminal activities carried out by organizations established as businesses. According to Edwin Lemert, the actions that cause others to label one as deviant. Specific personality types; such individuals lack the moral sense and concern for others A mode of reward or punishment that reinforces socially expected forms of behavior. According to Edwin Lemert, following the act of primary deviation, secondary deviation o A way of punishing criminal and deviant behavior based on rituals of public disapproval Criminal activities carried out by those in whitecollar, or professional, jobs. kheim, referring to a situation in which social norms lose their hold over individual behavior. enforcement to reintegrate policing within the community. olitical in nature. between impulses toward criminal activity and controls that deter it. Control theorists hold that criminals are rational beings who mples of corporate crime include pollution, false advertising, and violations of health and safety regulations. ical authority. Although we may think of criminals as a distinct subsection of the population, there are few people who have not ving the use of new information technologies. Electronic money laundering, personal identity theft, electronic vandalism, and m s held by most members of a group or society. What is regarded as deviant is as variable as the norms and values that distingu antially from those of the majority. roposed by Edwin H. Sutherland, according to whom criminal behavior is learned through association with others who regularly eople become "deviant"" because certain labels are attached to their behavior by political authorities and others. acked by state power. he 1970s, that regarded deviance as deliberately chosen and often political in nature. The new criminologists argued that crime en range of social situations. A norm either prescribes a given type of behavior or forbids it. All human groups follow definite no as businesses. o label one as deviant. sense and concern for others held by most normal people. xpected forms of behavior. viation, secondary deviation occurs when an individual accepts the label of deviant and acts accordingly. n rituals of public disapproval rather than incarceration. The goal of shaming is to maintain the ties of the offender to the commu ofessional, jobs. are rational beings who will act to maximize their own reward unless they are rendered unable to do so through either social o w people who have not broken the law in one way or another during their lives. While laws are formulated by state authorities, ronic vandalism, and monitoring electronic correspondence are all emergent forms of cybercrime. and values that distinguish different cultures and subcultures from one another. Forms of behavior that are highly esteemed by with others who regularly engage in crime. ogists argued that crime and deviance could only be understood in the context of power and inequality within society. roups follow definite norms, which are always backed by sanctions of one kind or another--varying from informal disapproval t e offender to the community. through either social or physical controls. ed by state authorities, it is not unknown for those authorities to engage in criminal behavior in certain situations. are highly esteemed by one group are regarded negatively by others. within society. m informal disapproval to physical punishment. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course SOC 302 taught by Professor Langenkamp during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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