Ch. 3 and 4 Key Terms

Ch. 3 and 4 Key Terms - History 17A - Key Terms ID Anthony...

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ID DATE PLACE WHO/WHAT SIGNIFICANCE 1621 Virginia 1700s 1619 Black Codes Virginia 1712-1740s South Carolina Black Religion 1720s 1670s New England 1675-6 Virginia Anthony Johnson African-American. Arrived w/ name Antonio. Purchased by Richard Bennett. Worked on tobacco plant on James River. Gained freedom and property, had family, etc. Laws tightened and all that Anthony Johnson had earned was taken away from him based on skin color. Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Europe, West Africa, America Europeans took at least 6 million Africans to the Americas. Many attempted suicide or died from hunger/exhaustion. They were branded & manacled below deck & crowded like corpses in coffins. Trips lasted anywhere from 4-8 weeks. Africans freedoms & lives in Africa were terminated once captured for slavery. Names, relationships & social standing were all wiped from the slate. Southern Transition to Black Labor Chesapeake Colonies Africans began working alongside whites in fields (still outnumbered 3-1). Blacks could be purchased more readily and cheaper than before. The supply of white servants from England dried up quickly. English colonists in North America copied European rivals in the New World. Slavery was very common and no 17th century whites questioned the morality of it. Early 18th Century Blacks couldn't testify in court, engage in community activity, hold property, participate in politics, congregate, travel w/o permission, or legally marry/be parents. Stripped of human status, defined as property, and lost all legal rights. Slave Resistance & Rebellion African POV: resistance was essential to maintaining meaning & dignity in a life of degrading toil. Most rebellion was subtle: breaking tools, pretending illness, dragging out jobs, etc. America (New World) Religion and family played central role. Masters weren't happy to see slaves exposed to Christianity - the teachings might undermine bondage. Slaves found Christianity a source of resistance Evangelicalism added to African American religion: personal rebirth, music, dancing, shouting, singing, etc. characterized slaves' religious expression. Represented creative mingling of West African & Christian religions. King Phillip's War Forced to surrender a lg. stock of guns & accept English law. Organized a resistance movement. Died in battle & had head displayed in Plymouth for 25 yrs. An entire generation of young men had been nearly annihilated. Many survivors, including women and kids, were sold into West Indian slavery. Bacon's Rebellion Detested Indian policy of Gov. Berkeley. Groups of frontiersmen used and incident w/ a local tribe as an excuse to attack Susquehannocks for land. Bacon attacked friendly & hostile Indians. Gov. put Bacon on trial.
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course HIS 17A taught by Professor Alantaylor during the Fall '04 term at UC Davis.

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Ch. 3 and 4 Key Terms - History 17A - Key Terms ID Anthony...

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