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AR100-03S09

AR100-03S09 - AR100 Part1 theearthssurface,in...

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AR100 Archaeological Research Part 1
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The Archaeological Record the more or less continuous distribution of artifacts over the earth’s surface, in highly variable densities.
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Archaeological Data The archaeological record is comprised of four categories: 1. Artifacts objects of human manufacture that can be collected and removed from a site. 2. Ecofacts natural materials used or altered by humans such as plant and animal remains. 3. Features — things that are built by humans that are not removable from the ground (ovens, trenches, etc.). 4. Structures — standing remains, and the traces of standing remains, such as houses, granaries, and pyramids .
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Artifacts The gold bowl from Hasanlu, Iran (800 BC). Sherds Lithics
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Ecofacts — Faunal Remains Zooarchaeologists study faunal remains to reconstruct environmental conditions, diet and economy.
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Ecofacts — Botanical Remains Paleoethnobotanists use a technique called flotation to separate charred plant remains, especially seeds, from archaeological soils. They reconstruct ancient environmental conditions, economy, and diet.
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Features This feature, a partially preserved oven from Tell es- Sweyhat (Syria), suggests mass production.
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Structures Massive platform (2800 BC), probably a religious structure, from Tell es-Sweyhat (Syria).
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Structures Kite photo of house foundations from the lower city of Tell es-Sweyhat (2100 BC).
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