Biology 1300 Final Exam Review
How do the directional planes (frontal, transverse, sagittal) divide the
Frontal- through ears into front and back, Transverse- through waist
into top and bottom, Sagittal- down middle into left and right
What is the correct order of mitosis?
What are the proteins composed of?
Define metabolism, catabolism, and anabolism.
Metabolism- life sustaining
reactions in body systems, Catabolism- complex substances (nutrients)
are broken down into simple compounds
What is a buffer system?
Maintains the normal pH of body fluids
What are the secretions of endocrine glands, sudoriferous glands and
Hormones, sweat, sebum
What are osteocytes?
Mature bone cells
What are the basic units of weight, length, volume and temperature in the
Know how to convert between milli, centi, etc.
meter, liter, celcius
What are the components of a nucleotide?
Sugar, phosphate, nitrogen
What happens to cells when placed in a hypertonic or hypotonic solution?
Hyper- shrink, hypo- swell
What do Meissner and Pacinian corpuscles respond to?
Light touch and
What does keratin make up?
Hair and nails
What are the functions of the skin?
Protect from infection and
dehydration, Regulate body temperature, collect sensory information
What is the difference between hydrophilic and hydrophobic substances?
Mix in water, repel in water
What is the correct order of organization in the body from simple to
Chemicals, cells, tissue, organ, organ system, whole organism