FinalReviewAnswer - Biology 1300 Final Exam Review 1 How do...

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Biology 1300 Final Exam Review 1. How do the directional planes (frontal, transverse, sagittal) divide the body? Frontal- through ears into front and back, Transverse- through waist into top and bottom, Sagittal- down middle into left and right 2. What is the correct order of mitosis? PMAT 3. What are the proteins composed of? Amino Acids 4. Define metabolism, catabolism, and anabolism. Metabolism- life sustaining reactions in body systems, Catabolism- complex substances (nutrients) are broken down into simple compounds 5. What is a buffer system? Maintains the normal pH of body fluids 6. What are the secretions of endocrine glands, sudoriferous glands and sebaceous glands? Hormones, sweat, sebum 7. What are osteocytes? Mature bone cells 8. What are the basic units of weight, length, volume and temperature in the metric system? Know how to convert between milli, centi, etc. gram, meter, liter, celcius 9. What are the components of a nucleotide? Sugar, phosphate, nitrogen base 10. What happens to cells when placed in a hypertonic or hypotonic solution? Hyper- shrink, hypo- swell 11. What do Meissner and Pacinian corpuscles respond to? Light touch and deep pressure 12. What does keratin make up? Hair and nails 13. What are the functions of the skin? Protect from infection and dehydration, Regulate body temperature, collect sensory information 14. What is the difference between hydrophilic and hydrophobic substances? Mix in water, repel in water 15. What is the correct order of organization in the body from simple to complex? Chemicals, cells, tissue, organ, organ system, whole organism
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16. What is the difference between dendrites and axons? Dendrites move impulses toward the cell body, axons send impulses away from cell body 17. What is the energy currency of the cell? ATP 18. What pH is considered acidic, basic and neutral? A-0, N-7, B-14 19. Define anatomy and physiology The study of body structure, the study of human disease 20. What is the difference between a tendon and a ligament? Muscle to bone, bone to bone 21. Define caudal, cranial, ventral and dorsal. Caudal- near butt, Cranial- near head, Ventral- toward belly, Dorsal- toward back 22. List the functions of the skeletal system.
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FinalReviewAnswer - Biology 1300 Final Exam Review 1 How do...

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