PSYC7SSII2016_Lecture4_MotorPerceptualDevelopment_ForClass(1) - MOTOR SENSORY PERCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT August 4 2016 PSYC7 Developmental Foundations

PSYC7SSII2016_Lecture4_MotorPerceptualDevelopment_ForClass(1)

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MOTOR, SENSORY & PERCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENTAugust 4, 2016PSYC7: Developmental FoundationsProfessor Emily Blumenthal
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POLL EVERYWHEREPhysical handicaps are the primary factors limiting the activities of older adults.A. TrueB. FalseC. Partly true/Partly false
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POLL EVERYWHERELinda has always had a passion for music. As a child she quickly learned to play the piano, and as an adult she has now mastered several other instruments. After Linda gives birth to Sam, she buys him Baby Mozart CDs and DVDS. She decides to enroll him in formal music lessons as soon as possible. Which of the following heredity-environment interactions is Linda providing evidence for?A.Evocative correlation.B.Active correlation.C. Niche-picking.D.Passive correlation.
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LEARNING GOALSDescribe reflexes that infants are born with. Explain the purpose of reflexes and the developmental course of reflexes.Explain the Dynamic Systems Theory of motor development.Describe how the dynamic systems theory explains motor development across the lifespan.Describe the Ecological Theory of sensory development. Identify milestones in infants’ visual development.Explain how heredity and the environment interact to shape visual development.Describe the methods and results of the Visual Cliff experiment. Explain the conclusion that we can draw from this study.
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THEORY: DYNAMIC SYSTEMS THEORY
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MOTOR SKILLS AS DYNAMIC SYSTEMSMastery involves acquiring increasingly complex systems of action with each skillEach new skill is a joint product ofCentral nervous system developmentThe body’s movement capacityThe child’s goalsEnvironmental support for the skill
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DYNAMIC SYSTEMS THEORYInfants assemble motor skills for perceiving and actingMotivationcreates new behaviorsUse perceptionsto “fine tune” movements with repetitive actionsInfants exploreand select possible solutions of new task; assemble adaptivepatterns
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DYNAMIC SYSTEMS THEORYNew motor behaviors are the result of body’s physical properties, nervous system development, the goal the child is motivated to reach, and environmental supportUniversal motor milestones achieved through process of adaptationCrawling, reaching, walking
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POLL EVERYWHEREWhat is/are the mechanism(s) of motor development according to the Dynamic Systems Theory?
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  • Fall '14
  • Blumenthal,EmilyJeanne
  • Psychology, Motor control, Depth perception, Fine motor skill

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