Chapter_16_Review - Final Exam Psych Chapter 16 1....

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Unformatted text preview: Final Exam Psych Chapter 16 1. attributions 2. consistency a. Judgments about the causes of our own and other peoples behaviors and outcomes d. Is it consistent over time? Does the persons behavior vary over time? 3. distinctiveness c. Does the persons behavior vary across targets? 4. consensus b. Does the behavior vary between people? 1. attributions 2. consistency a. Judgments about the causes of our own and other peoples behaviors and outcomes d. Is it consistent over time? Does the persons behavior vary over time? 3. distinctiveness c. Does the persons behavior vary across targets? 4. consensus b. Does the behavior vary between people? What are the two types of attributions a person can make? Personal- internal Situational- external What 3 types of information determine the attribution that is made? Consistency Distinctiveness Consensus Fundamental attribution error Self-serving bias Refers to our tendency to attach more importance to the initial information that we learn about a person Giving greater weight to the most recent information The tendency to make personal attributions for success and situational attributions for failures Primary Effect We underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate the role of personal factors when explaining other peoples behavior Recency effect Fundamental attribution error Self-serving bias Refers to our tendency to attach more importance to the initial information that we learn about a person Giving greater weight to the most recent information The tendency to make personal attributions for success and situational attributions for failures Primary Effect We underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate the role of personal factors when explaining other peoples behavior Recency effect How fundamental attributions error and self-serving bias are affected by culture Click for answer! Culture influences how we perceive our social world. Tendency to attribute other peoples behaviors to personal factors=western culture. Culture influences attributions for our own behavior How primary effect, stereotypes and self-fulfilling prophecies influence impression formation Click for answer! Primary effect- first impression Stereotype- if someone tells you something about a person you think it when you meet them Self-fulfilling prophecies- you behave how the other behaves Theory of planned behavior Click for answer! Our intention to engage in a behavior is strongest when we have a positive attitude toward that behavior when our perceptions of what other people think we should do support our attitudes and when we believe that the behavior is under control 3 conditions under which peoples attitudes best predict their behavior Click for answer!...
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course PSY 315 taught by Professor Johndavis during the Winter '07 term at Michigan State University.

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Chapter_16_Review - Final Exam Psych Chapter 16 1....

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