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Chapter_15_Review - Final Exam Psych 101 Chapter 15...

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Final Exam Psych 101 Chapter 15
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Psychiatrists Social workers Substance-abuse counselors Pastoral counselor Family counselor Clinical psychologists Tends to focus on spiritual issues Specialize in problems arising from family relationships Masters degree, work in community agencies Work with substance and sexual abusers and their victims Hold a PhD, received 5 or more years of training and supervision in a variety of psychotherapeutic techniques as well as training in research and psychological assessment techniques, science- oriented degree Medical doctors who specialize in psychotherapy in biomedical treatment such as drug therapy
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Psychiatrists Social workers Substance-abuse counselors Pastoral counselor Family counselor Clinical psychologists Tends to focus on spiritual issues Specialize in problems arising from family relationships Masters degree, work in community agencies Work with substance and sexual abusers and their victims Hold a PhD, received 5 or more years of training and supervision in a variety of psychotherapeutic techniques as well as training in research and psychological assessment techniques, science- oriented degree Medical doctors who specialize in psychotherapy in biomedical treatment such as drug therapy
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Know the different professional groups that provide people with counseling Know the different costs of psychotherapy Know the costs of psychotherapy to society Clinical and counseling psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric social workers, marriage/family counselors, pastoral counselors, substance-abuse counselors Financial costs, time costs, social costs, personal costs Unavailable to all, too expensive, undeserved populations
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Psychodynamic Humanistic Cognitive Behavioral Biological Maladaptive behaviors are the problem, problem behaviors are learned in the same ways normal behaviors are, and maladaptive behaviors can be unlearned by applying principles derived from classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and modeling The therapist’s goal is to create an environment in which clients can engage in self-exploration and remove the barriers that block their natural tendencies toward personal growth Drug therapy, electroconvulsive therapy psychosurgery Does not emphasize the importance of unconscious psychodynamic processes. Clients often need help in identifying the beliefs, ideas, and self-statements that trigger maladaptive emotions and behaviors. Once identified, these cognitions can be challenged and, with practice and effort, changed.
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Psychodynamic Humanistic Cognitive Behavioral Biological Maladaptive behaviors are the problem, problem behaviors are learned in the same ways normal behaviors are, and maladaptive behaviors can be unlearned by applying principles derived from classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and modeling The therapist’s goal is to create an environment in which clients can engage in self-exploration and remove the barriers that block their natural tendencies toward personal growth
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