FORMAT OF EXAM Short answer, matching, multiple choice/defend your answer, one or two short essay (i.e., just a paragraph), identification.No tricks.8-10 quotes you should be able to identify-play, playwright, who said (name or some identification), situation (argument with son, end of play)Know the countries of the playwrights (helpful to include info from the intro section to plays in book)Most of the quotes come from plays AFTER the mid-term. There will only be really well-known quotes.“People just don’t do such things” last line from Hedda Gabler said by Judge Brock PLAYSOedipusAuthor/Style of Play●Sophocles- One of the three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have actually survived ●Tragedy: Investigations of suffering ●Unity of action: One main action, place, time, etc. Aristotelian. ○Incentive moment →(Peripeteia)→Climax→(Catastrophe)→Resolution●Dramatic irony: Audience knows something that people onstage don’t. Important Characters ●Oedipus- “Tyrant leader” who ruled the people completely ●Jocasta- Oedipus’ wife and mother; Kills herself●Kreon/Creon- Jocasta’s brother, close advisor to Oedipus; Appears to be a more democratic, Athenian leader→ He is the Apollonian character (order, reason); Has conflict with Oedipus and in later plays Antigone ●Tiresius- Blind prophet ●Chorus of 12-15 peoplePlot lines/Main Themes ●Oedipus Rex chronicles the story of Oedipus, a man who becomes the king of Thebes- whilst in the process unwittingly fulfilling a prophecy that he would murder his father Laius and marry his mother Jocasta.●Did Oedipus have free will? ○He chose his actions although his destiny was previously foretold ●Oedipus’ tragic flaw/hamartia→ Pride/hubris ●Contrast between light and dark: ○Oedipus can see but blind to truth ○Tiresius blind but knows the truth ○Oedipus blinds himself when realizes truth Significant Quotes
“OEDIPUS:“Now my curse on the murderer. Whoever he is,a lone man unknown in his crime or one among many, let that man drag outhis life in agony, step by painful step-I curse myself as well… if by any chancehe proves to be an intimate of our house,here at my hearth, with my full knowledge,may the curse I just called down on him strike me!” (Lines 280-287)Hedda Gabler Author/Style of Play ●Henrik Ibsen- Native to Norway - Linear Plotline○Feminist; Did have an affair with an older woman and did not see child until age 50 ○Darwin’s Origins, Communist Manifesto, and Freud influenced Ibsen’s psychological realism/scientific in Hedda ○Social concerns: Hypocrisy of religion, morals, women’s rights ●A realistic play: Reflects how we behave in our lives ○Linear plotline ●Modern-day Greek tragedy ●Well-made play:Complicated, intricately constructed plots.