9-HeterogeneousEquilibria

9-HeterogeneousEquilibria - Solubility Products Constants...

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S o lub ility Pro duc ts  C o ns ta nts  Da ta  S he e t He te ro g e ne o us  Eq uilib ria  Pro b le m  S e t  S a m ple  pa g e  fro m  the Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
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Heterogeneous Equilibria Edward A. Mottel Department of Chemistry Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology
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05/11/09 Heterogeneous Equilibria Reading assignment: Zumdahl: Chapters 4.4-4.6, 4.8-4.9,6.5, 8.8 Sparingly soluble salts Solubility product Common ion effect Molar solubility Applications
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05/11/09 Some Salts are Soluble Soluble salts • Group IA, NH 4 + , NO 3 , ClO 3 , ClO 4 Most halides (Cl , Br , I ) · except Ag + , Cu + , Hg 2 2+ , Pb 2+ Most sulfates · except CaSO 4 , BaSO 4 , Ag 2 SO 4 , HgSO 4 , PbSO 4
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05/11/09 Some Salts are Not Very Soluble Sparingly soluble salts Most hydroxides · except Group IA, Ba(OH) 2 Carbonates, phosphates, sulfides · except Group IA, NH 4 + Solubility depends on Temperature and solvent Strong electrolyte
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05/11/09 Sparingly Soluble Salts AgCl (s) Ag + (aq) + Cl (aq) The  s o lub ility pro duc t o f s ilve r c hlo ride  is 1.8 x 10 - 10 , ho w c a n it b e  a  s tro ng  e le c tro lyte ? AgCl (s) AgCl (aq) This  indic a te s  tha t Ag C l is n’t ve ry s o lub le . (s pa ring ly s o lub le ) Ag + (aq) + Cl (aq) This  indic a te s  tha t the a m o unt o f Ag C l whic h dis s o lve s io nize s  e xte ns ive ly. (s tro ng  e le c tro lyte )
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05/11/09 Solubility Product, K sp Products over reactants with simplifications [Ag + ] [Cl ] [AgCl (s) ] = K c [Ag + ] [Cl ] = K c · [AgCl (s) ] [Ag + ] [Cl ] = K sp
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05/11/09 For Each of the Following Determine the Solubility Product Expression lead(II) carbonate calcium fluoride iron(III) hydroxide iron(II) sulfide lead(II) iodide silver sulfate
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05/11/09 For Each of the Following Determine the Solubility Product Expression [Pb 2 + ] [CO 3 2 ] [Ca 2 + ] [F ] 2 [Fe 3 + ] [OH ] 3 [Fe 2 + ] [S 2 ] [Pb 2 + ] [I ] 2 [Ag + ] 2 [SO 4 2 ]
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05/11/09 How to Determine If a Compound is Soluble or Not? Solubility Rules Table of Solubility Product Constants Handbook of Chemistry and Physics Physical Constants of Inorganic Compounds
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05/11/09 Physical Constants of Inorganic Compounds Name Formula Molecular Weight Crystalline Form Color Density Melting Point Boiling Point Solubility Cold Water Hot Water Other Solvents
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Copper(II) Formate Formula and Molecular Weight • Cu(HCOO) 2 , 153.58 amu Color blue, monoclinic crystals Is copper(II) formate soluble in water? yes, 12.5 grams per 100 mL of water
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course CHEM 202 taught by Professor Motle during the Spring '08 term at Rose-Hulman.

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9-HeterogeneousEquilibria - Solubility Products Constants...

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