ch7email - Chapter 7 Memory Memory as Information...

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Chapter 7 Memory
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Memory as Information Processing Encoding: Translating information into a neural code that the brain processes Storage: Retaining information over time Retrieval: Processes that access stored information
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Memory as Information Processing Three Stage Model of Memory Sensory memory Working (short-term) memory Long-term memory
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Information Sensory Register Short-Term Memory Output Rehearsal
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Information Sensory Register Short-Term Memory Output Long-Term Memory
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Memory as Information Processing Sensory Memory Briefly holds sensory information (e.g. iconic and echoic stores) Sensory registers are initial information processors
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Memory as Information Processing Short-Term (Working) Memory Temporarily holds a limited amount of information Stores and processes information of which we are conscious Capacity of Short-Term Memory Magical number = 7 ± 2 (Miller, 1956) Five-nine meaningful items “Shelf-life” of 20 seconds for information
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Memory as Information Processing Increasing short-term memory Chunking Combining individual items into larger units of meaning hbocnnabcmsnbc hbo cnn abc msnbc
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Memory as Information Processing Short-Term Memory as “Working Memory” “Mental workspace” Stores information, actively processes it, supports problem solving and planning
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Memory as Information Processing Short-Term Memory as a “Working Memory” (Baddeley Phonological loop auditory storage
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ch7email - Chapter 7 Memory Memory as Information...

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