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JS211 - Reading Notes for Midterm

JS211 - Reading Notes for Midterm - Timeline(Semester1...

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Timeline (Semester1 Midterm) 02/10/2007 02:20:00 70-90 CE –  John  and  Matthew Written in the Bible Purpose: Primarily written for non-Jews these texts were not meant to teach  history but to convince people to convert to Christianity 330 – Emperor Constantine converts to Christianity and it becomes the religion of  the empire. (Christianity now supercedes Judaism) 1800’s –  Romanticism Every cultural group had its own national spirit created through culture,  language and land 1752 to 1840 –  John Blumenbach Founder of physical anthropology: to classify humans based on external  visible differences All groups are derived from a process of degeneration from an original  species through environmental factors such as climate 1789 to 1869 –  Carl Gustav Carus Created racial classification system with Day people, night people, and  twilight people 1816 to 1882 –  Charles de Gobineau Created hierarchy with culture creators, maintainers, destroyers Says there is a racial spiritual essence that is located in the blood Claims intermixing of races is destructive and lowers the quality of the race
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1850 – Industrial Revolution in Europe:  Jewry in Music romanticism Written by Richard Wagner Purpose: Convincing anti-Semitic work, wanted to prove that Jews were causing  a demise in the quality of art Introduced Gobineau’s ideas to Germany 1855 to 1920 –  Huston Chamberlain Removed the idea of a hierarchy and introduces battle of 2 races o Struggle between Aryan’s and Jews for survival Soul of Jewish race was materialistic and lacking morality o Determined Jesus could not be a Jew 1902 – Industrial Revolution (Pre-WWI):  Protocols of the Elders of Zion Written by a non-Jew from a Jewish perspective Unknown author working for the Russian secret police Purpose: Fake document to prove conspiracy theory of ‘protocols’ the belief that  the Jews had a conspiracy for world dominance. Intended to influence the policy  of Czar Nicolas II towards the interests of the secret police. 1915 –  Lempkin  came up with the word Genocide 1924 – ??? :  Mein Kampf Written by  Hitler  while he was imprisoned
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o Jail for organizing “Beer Hall Putsch” a 100 man march from a beer  hall to the city trying to overthrow the Bavarian govt Purpose: A compilation of all of Hitler’s beliefs and thoughts about the Jewish  race, as well as an autobiography about his transition to an anti-semetic 1918 – END WWI, German economy collapses causing a psychological crisis 1917 –  Bolshevik Revolution
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