JS211 - Notes for Midterm

JS211 - Notes for Midterm - Holocaust 25/09/2007 00:07:00...

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Unformatted text preview: Holocaust 25/09/2007 00:07:00 History of Genocide and Concept of Genocide What is it and how is it determined? Political concerns determine whether or not it is genocide How can humans kill on such a massive scale o The word genocide emerged in the 40s Examples: Armenian genocide 1915 o Lempkin came up with the word genocide Killing of race or tribe International community could come up with policies to outlaw genocide Deliberate act committed with the intent to destroy a national racial, religious or political group on grounds of the national or racial origin, religious belief, or political opinion of its members Idea of calculated (planned) murder rather than collateral damage (by product of war) Didnt want to include a minority within a state UN came up with a new definition that emphasized the word intent Kinds of genocide Any group can become a perpetrator Classification o Ideological- aim of promoting a particular ideology Ex: Nazi genocide of Jews, Poles, Gypsies, and Romanians Truly believed killing these people would benefit them Committed genocide even if own military would be risked Ex: Turks genocide of the Armenians One Turkey for Turks with no place of outside groups Ex: Soviet genocide of kulaks (late 20s) Land-owning agricultural class Communist ideology o Retributive- paying back or punishing a group for purpose of restoring a group or class Targeted group is subordinate but is someway threatening the other Ex: French in Algeria (45-62)- tried to restore colonial power Ex: Iraqi against the Kurds (88 and 91) o Developmental- context of a country that is trying to develop and expand, genocide occurs when dominant group tries to eliminate indigenous population in order to gain power and land Happen in process of colonization Ex: Native Americans got in the way Ex: Communist China against Tibet Ex: Brazil and Paraguay What is it that gives genocide its distinguished characteristics? Motivation Ability to carry it out Potential victims have to be collectively defined o Victim group has to be isolated o Genocide is never committed when the parties are equal Victims have to be defined as less than equal or subordinate in someway (dehumanized) Doesnt have to be reality o Minority already exists Those who isolated the group have to be sure that they can succeed o States commit genocide not individual groups o Incriminating evidence has been removed carried out by the state o has apparatus needed o technology o control of communications...
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JS211 - Notes for Midterm - Holocaust 25/09/2007 00:07:00...

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